apaches

apache

[uh-pahsh, uh-pash; French a-pash]
noun, plural apaches [uh-pah-shiz, uh-pash-iz; French a-pash] .
a Parisian gangster, rowdy, or ruffian.

Origin:
1735–45, Americanism; < French: Apache

Dictionary.com Unabridged

Apache

[uh-pach-ee] .
noun, plural Apaches (especially collectively) Apache.
1.
a member of an Athabaskan people of the southwestern U.S.
2.
any of the several Athabaskan languages of Arizona and the Rio Grande basin.
3.
Military. a two-man U.S. Army helicopter designed to attack enemy armor with rockets or a 30mm gun and equipped for use in bad weather and in darkness.

Origin:
1915–20; < Mexican Spanish, perhaps < Zuni ʔa·paču Navajos, presumably applied formerly to the Apacheans (Navajos and Apaches) generally

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World English Dictionary
apache (əˈpɑːʃ, -ˈpæʃ, French apaʃ)
 
n
a Parisian gangster or ruffian
 
[from French: Apache]

Apache (əˈpætʃɪ)
 
n , Apaches, Apache
1.  a member of a North American Indian people, formerly nomadic and warlike, inhabiting the southwestern US and N Mexico
2.  the language of this people, belonging to the Athapascan group of the Na-Dene phylum
 
[from Mexican Spanish, probably from Zuñi Apachu, literally: enemy]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Apache
1745, from Amer.Sp. (1598), probably from Yavapai (a Yuman language) 'epache "people." Sometimes derived from Zuni apachu "enemy" (cf. F.W. Hodge, "American Indians," 1907), but this seems to have been the Zuni name for the Navajo. Fr. journalistic sense of "Parisian gangster or thug" first attested
1902. Apache dance was the WWI-era equivalent of 1990s' brutal "slam dancing." Fenimore Cooper's Indian novels were enormously popular in Europe throughout the 19c., and comparisons of Cooper's fictional Indian ways in the wilderness and underworld life in European cities go back ro Dumas' "Les Mohicans de Paris" (1854-1859). It is probably due to the imitations of Cooper (amounting almost to plagiarisms) by Ger. author Karl May (1842-1912), that Apaches replaced Mohicans in popular imagination.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Apaches [(uh-pach-eez)]

A tribe of Native Americans who live in the southwestern United States. Geronimo was an Apache.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
APACHE
acute physiology and chronic health evaluation
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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