1 [ahrt]
the quality, production, expression, or realm, according to aesthetic principles, of what is beautiful, appealing, or of more than ordinary significance.
the class of objects subject to aesthetic criteria; works of art collectively, as paintings, sculptures, or drawings: a museum of art; an art collection. See fine art, commercial art.
a field, genre, or category of art: Dance is an art.
the fine arts collectively, often excluding architecture: art and architecture.
any field using the skills or techniques of art: advertising art; industrial art.
a branch of learning or university study, especially one of the fine arts or the humanities, as music, philosophy, or literature: She was adept at the arts of music and painting; I've always felt an affinity towards the visual arts, though I studied art of philosophy.
(used with a singular verb) the humanities, as distinguished from the sciences and technical fields: a college of arts and sciences.
(used with a plural verb) liberal arts: Faculty of Arts.
skill in conducting any human activity: a master at the art of conversation; From my mother, I learned the art of perfectly cooked pasta. knack, facility, technical skill, skillfulness, know-how.
the principles or methods governing any craft or branch of learning: the art of baking; the art of selling. craft, technique, skill; procedure, method, way; fine points, subtleties.
the craft, trade, or profession using these principles or methods.
See also term of art.
skilled workmanship, execution, or agency, as distinguished from nature.
trickery; cunning: glib and devious art. craftiness, guile, slyness, wiliness, artfulness, intrigue, machination, scheming.
studied action; artificiality in behavior. deceit, deception, duplicity, imposture, falsehood. frankness, candor, openness, artlessness, ingenuousness, sincerity; truthfulness, honesty.
an artifice or artful device: the innumerable arts and wiles of politics. contrivance, scheme, trick, tactic, stratagem, maneuver; subterfuge, ruse, dodge, feint, wile.
(in printed matter) illustrative or decorative material: Is there any art with the copy for this story?
Archaic. science, learning, or scholarship.
Verb phrases
art up, to improve the aesthetic quality of (something) through some form of art: This dress is so plain, it could use some arting up. I had an interior designer art up my apartment.

1175–1225; Middle English < Old French, accusative of ars < Latin ars (nominative), artem (accusative) ‘skill, craft, craftsmanship’ Unabridged


2 [ahrt]
verb Archaic.
2nd person singular present indicative of be.

before 950; Middle English; Old English eart, equivalent to ear- (see are1) + -t ending of 2nd person singular


a male given name, form of Arthur.


article: often used to represent the class of determiners, including words such as this, that, and some as well as the articles a, an, and the.


variant of -ard: braggart.


plural arts. article; articles.


[bee; unstressed bee, bi]
verb (used without object), present singular 1st person am, 2nd are or (Archaic) art, 3rd is, present plural are; past singular 1st person was, 2nd were or (Archaic) wast or wert, 3rd was, past plural were; present subjunctive be; past subjunctive singular 1st person were, 2nd were or (Archaic) wert, 3rd were; past subjunctive plural were; past participle been; present participle being.
to exist or live: Shakespeare's “To be or not to be” is the ultimate question.
to take place; happen; occur: The wedding was last week.
to occupy a place or position: The book is on the table.
to continue or remain as before: Let things be.
to belong; attend; befall: May good fortune be with you.
(used as a copula to connect the subject with its predicate adjective, or predicate nominative, in order to describe, identify, or amplify the subject): Martha is tall. John is president. This is she.
(used as a copula to introduce or form interrogative or imperative sentences): Is that right? Be quiet! Don't be facetious.
auxiliary verb, present singular 1st person am, 2nd are or (Archaic) art, 3rd is, present plural are; past singular 1st person was, 2nd were or (Archaic) wast or wert, 3rd was, past plural were; present subjunctive be; past subjunctive singular 1st person were, 2nd were or (Archaic) wert, 3rd were; past subjunctive plural were; past participle been; present participle being.
(used with the present participle of another verb to form the progressive tense): I am waiting.
(used with the present participle or infinitive of the principal verb to indicate future action): She is visiting there next week. He is to see me today.
(used with the past participle of another verb to form the passive voice): The date was fixed. It must be done.
(used in archaic or literary constructions with some intransitive verbs to form the perfect tense): He is come. Agamemnon to the wars is gone.

before 900; Middle English been, Old English bēon (bēo- (akin to Old Frisian, Old High German bim, German bin, Old Saxon bium, biom (I) am, Old English, Old High German, Old Saxon būan, Old Norse būa reside, Latin fuī (I) have been, Greek phy- grow, become, Old Irish boí (he) was, Sanskrit bhávati (he) becomes, is, Lithuanian búti to be, OCS byti, Persian būd was)) + -n infinitive suffix. See am, is, are1, was, were

be, bee.

See me.


Arthur ("Art") born 1942, U.S. singer.


(James) Arthur ("Art") born 1957, U.S. football player.
Thelonious [thuh-loh-nee-uhs] , (Sphere) 1917–1982, U.S. jazz pianist and composer.
George, Monck, George. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To art
World English Dictionary
art1 (ɑːt)
1.  a.  the creation of works of beauty or other special significance
 b.  (as modifier): an art movement
2.  the exercise of human skill (as distinguished from nature)
3.  imaginative skill as applied to representations of the natural world or figments of the imagination
4.  a.  the products of man's creative activities; works of art collectively, esp of the visual arts, sometimes also music, drama, dance, and literature
 b.  arts See also fine art (as modifier): an art gallery
5.  excellence or aesthetic merit of conception or execution as exemplified by such works
6.  any branch of the visual arts, esp painting
7.  (modifier) intended to be artistic or decorative: art needlework
8.  a.  any field using the techniques of art to display artistic qualities: advertising art
 b.  (as modifier): an art film
9.  journalism photographs or other illustrations in a newspaper, etc
10.  method, facility, or knack: the art of threading a needle; the art of writing letters
11.  the system of rules or principles governing a particular human activity: the art of government
12.  artfulness; cunning
13.  get something down to a fine art to become highly proficient at something through practice
[C13: from Old French, from Latin ars craftsmanship]

art2 (ɑːt)
archaic (used with the pronoun thou) a singular form of the present tense (indicative mood) of be
[Old English eart, part of bēon to be]

abbreviation for
assisted reproductive technology

suffix forming nouns
a variant of -ard

be1 (biː, (unstressed) bɪ)
vb , pres. sing. 1st pers 2nd pers 3rd pers pres. pl past sing 1st pers 2nd pers 3rd pers past pl pres. part past part am, are, is, are, was, were, was, were, being, been
1.  to have presence in the realm of perceived reality; exist; live: I think, therefore I am; not all that is can be understood
2.  (used in the perfect or past perfect tenses only) to pay a visit; go: have you been to Spain?
3.  to take place; occur: my birthday was last Thursday
4.  (copula) used as a linking verb between the subject of a sentence and its noun or adjective complement or complementing phrase. In this case be expresses the relationship of either essential or incidental equivalence or identity (John is a man; John is a musician) or specifies an essential or incidental attribute (honey is sweet; Susan is angry). It is also used with an adverbial complement to indicate a relationship of location in space or time (Bill is at the office; the dance is on Saturday)
5.  (takes a present participle) forms the progressive present tense: the man is running
6.  (takes a past participle) forms the passive voice of all transitive verbs and (archaically) certain intransitive ones: a good film is being shown on television tonight; I am done
7.  (takes an infinitive) expresses intention, expectation, supposition, or obligation: the president is to arrive at 9.30; you are not to leave before I say so
8.  (takes a past participle) forms the perfect or past perfect tense of certain intransitive verbs of motion, such as go or come: the last train is gone
9.  be that as it may the facts concerning (something) are of no importance
[Old English bēon; related to Old High German bim am, Latin fui I have been, Greek phuein to bring forth, Sanskrit bhavati he is]

the internet domain name for

the chemical symbol for

abbreviation for

abbreviation for
1.  bill of exchange
2.  (in the US) Board of Education
3.  Bachelor of Education
4.  Bachelor of Engineering

monk (mʌŋk)
1.  a male member of a religious community bound by vows of poverty, chastity, and obedienceRelated: monastic
2.  (sometimes capital) a fancy pigeon having a bald pate and often large feathered feet
Related: monastic
[Old English munuc, from Late Latin monachus, from Late Greek: solitary (man), from Greek monos alone]

Monk (mʌŋk)
1.  Thelonious (Sphere) (θəˈləʊnɪəs). 1920--82, US jazz pianist and composer
2.  a variant spelling of (George) Monck

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. beon, beom, bion "be, exist, come to be, become," from P.Gmc. *beo-, *beu-. This "b-root" is from PIE base *bheu-, *bhu- "grow, come into being, become," and in addition to the words in English it yielded German present first and second person sing. (bin, bist, from O.H.G. bim "I am," bist "thou
art"), L. perf. tenses of esse (fui "I was," etc.), O.C.S. byti "be," Gk. phu- "become," O.Ir. bi'u "I am," Lith. bu'ti "to be," Rus. byt' "to be," etc. It also is behind Skt. bhavah "becoming," bhavati "becomes, happens," bhumih "earth, world."

The modern verb in its entirety represents the merger of two once-distinct verbs, the "b-root" represented by be and the am/was verb, which was itself a conglomerate. Roger Lass ("Old English") describes the verb as "a collection of semantically related paradigm fragments," while Weekley calls it "an accidental conglomeration from the different Old English dial[ect]s." It is the most irregular verb in Mod.E. and the most common. Collective in all Germanic languages, it has eight different forms in Modern English:

BE (infinitive, subjunctive, imperative)
AM (present 1st person singular)
ARE (present 2nd person singular and all plural)
IS (present 3rd person singular)
WAS (past 1st and 3rd persons singular)
WERE (past 2nd person singular, all plural; subjunctive)
BEING (progressive & present participle; gerund)
BEEN (perfect participle).

The paradigm in O.E. was:

1st pres.ic eom
ic beo
we sind(on)
we beoð
2nd pres.þu eart
þu bist
ge sind(on)
ge beoð
3rd pres.he is
he bið
hie sind(on)
hie beoð
1st pret.ic wæswe wæron
2nd pret.þu wærege waeron
3rd pret.heo wæshie wæron
1st pret. subj.ic wærewe wæren
2nd pret. subj.þu wærege wæren
3rd pret. subj.Egcferð wærehie wæren

The "b-root" had no past tense in O.E., but often served as future tense of am/was. In 13c. it took the place of the infinitive, participle and imperative forms of am/was. Later its plural forms (we beth, ye ben, they be) became standard in M.E. and it made inroads into the singular (I be, thou beest, he beth), but forms of are claimed this turf in the 1500s and replaced be in the plural. For the origin and evolution of the am/was branches of this tangle, see am and was.
"That but this blow Might be the be all, and the end all." ["Macbeth" I.vii.5]

early 13c., "skill as a result of learning or practice," from O.Fr. art, from L. artem (nom. ars) "art, skill, craft," from PIE *ar-ti- (cf. Skt. rtih "manner, mode;" Gk. arti "just," artios "complete;" Armenian arnam "make;" Ger. art "manner, mode"), from base *ar- "fit together, join" (see
arm (1)). In M.E. usually with sense of "skill in scholarship and learning" (c.1300), especially in the seven sciences, or liberal arts. This sense remains in Bachelor of Arts, etc. Meaning "human workmanship" (as opposed to nature) is from late 14c. Sense of "cunning and trickery" first attested c.1600. Meaning "skill in creative arts" is first recorded 1620; esp. of painting, sculpture, etc., from 1660s. Broader sense of the word remains in artless (1580s). As an adj. meaning "produced with conscious artistry (as opposed to popular or folk) it is attested from 1890, possibly from infl. of Ger. kunstlied "art song" (cf. art film, 1960; art rock, c.1970). Fine arts, "those which appeal to the mind and the imagination" first recorded 1767. Expression art for art's sake (1836) translates Fr. l'art pour l'art. First record of art critic is from 1865. Arts and crafts "decorative design and handcraft" first attested in the Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society, founded in London, 1888.
"Supreme art is a traditional statement of certain heroic and religious truths, passed on from age to age, modified by individual genius, but never abandoned. The revolt of individualism came because the tradition had become degraded, or rather because a spurious copy had been accepted in its stead." [William Butler Yeats]

second person present indicative of be; see be.

O.E. munuc, from P.Gmc. *muniko- (cf. O.Fris. munek, M.Du. monic, O.H.G. munih, Ger. Mönch), an early borrowing from V.L. *monicus (cf. Fr. moine, Sp. monje, It. monaco), from L.L. monachus "monk," originally "religious hermit," from Late Gk. monakhos "monk," noun use of a classical Gk. adj. meaning
"solitary," from monos "alone" (see mono-).
"In England, before the Reformation, the term was not applied to the members of the mendicant orders, who were always called friars. From the 16th c. to the 19th c., however, it was usual to speak of the friars as a class of monks. In recent times the distinction between the terms has been carefully observed by well-informed writers. In Fr. and Ger. the equivalent of monk is applied equally to 'monks' and 'friars.' " [OED]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

The symbol for the element beryllium.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
The symbol for beryllium.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Computing Dictionary

ART definition

A real-time functional language. It timestamps each data value when it was created.
["Applicative Real-Time Programming", M. Broy, PROC IFIP 1983, N-H].

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
  1. airborne radiation thermometer

  2. assisted reproductive technology

  1. article

  2. artificial

  3. artillery

  4. artist

  1. beryllium

  2. excess burst

  1. Bachelor of Education

  2. Bachelor of Engineering

  3. barium enema

  4. board eligible

  5. Board of Education

Baumé scale
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases


see fine art; state of the art.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
Daydreaming can help solve problems, trigger creativity, and inspire great
  works of art and science.
Artists' journals can be an art form unto themselves, a taxonomy of days that
  attempt to capture the random rush of creativity.
Collectors are discovering video art.
AP studio-art classes include drawing, two- and three-dimensional art, and
Idioms & Phrases
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