|1.||the nonvolatile products and residue formed when matter is burnt|
|2.||See soda ash any of certain compounds formed by burning|
|3.||fine particles of lava thrown out by an erupting volcano|
|4.||a light silvery grey colour, often with a brownish tinge|
|[Old English æsce; related to Old Norse, Old High German aska, Gothic azgō, Latin aridus dry]|
|1.||any oleaceous tree of the genus Fraxinus, esp F. excelsior of Europe and Asia, having compound leaves, clusters of small greenish flowers, and winged seeds|
|2.||the close-grained durable wood of any of these trees, used for tool handles, etc|
|3.||any of several trees resembling the ash, such as the mountain ash|
|4.||(Austral) any of several Australian trees resembling the ash, esp of the eucalyptus genus|
|[Old English æsc; related to Old Norse askr, Old Saxon, Old High German ask, Lithuanian uosis]|
|the Ashes a cremated cricket stump in a pottery urn now preserved at Lord's. Victory or defeat in test matches between England and Australia is referred to as winning, losing, or retaining the Ashes|
|[from the mock obituary of English cricket in The Times in 1882 after a great Australian victory at the Oval, in which it was said that the body would be cremated and the ashes taken to Australia]|
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(Heb. o'ren, "tremulous"), mentioned only Isa. 44:14 (R.V., "fir tree"). It is rendered "pine tree" both in the LXX. and Vulgate versions. There is a tree called by the Arabs _aran_, found still in the valleys of Arabia Petraea, whose leaf resembles that of the mountain ash. This may be the tree meant. Our ash tree is not known in Syria.
The ashes of a red heifer burned entire (Num. 19:5) when sprinkled on the unclean made them ceremonially clean (Heb. 9:13). To cover the head with ashes was a token of self-abhorrence and humiliation (2 Sam. 13:19; Esther 4:3; Jer. 6:26, etc.). To feed on ashes (Isa. 44:20), means to seek that which will prove to be vain and unsatisfactory, and hence it denotes the unsatisfactory nature of idol-worship. (Comp. Hos. 12:1).