noun, plural Cathari [kath-uh-rahy] , Cathars.
(in medieval Europe) a member of any of several rigorously ascetic Christian sects maintaining a dualistic theology.
Also called Catharist [kath-er-ist] .

1630–40; < Late Latin Catharī (plural) < Late Greek hoi Katharoí Novatians, literally, the pure; applied in ML to various sects

Catharism, noun
Catharistic, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Cathar or Catharist (ˈkæθə, ˈkæθərɪst)
n , pl -ars, -ari, -arists
a member of a Christian sect in Provence in the 12th and 13th centuries who believed the material world was evil and only the spiritual was good
[from Medieval Latin Cathari, from Greek katharoi the pure]
Catharist or Catharist (ˈkæθə, ˈkæθərɪst, -ərɪ)
[from Medieval Latin Cathari, from Greek katharoi the pure]
'Catharism or Catharist

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1574 (implied in Catharism), from M.L. Cathari "the Pure," name taken by Novatians and other Christian sects, from N.T. Gk. katharezein "to make clean," from Gk. katheros "pure."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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