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curb

[kurb] /kɜrb/
noun
1.
a rim, especially of joined stones or concrete, along a street or roadway, forming an edge for a sidewalk.
2.
anything that restrains or controls; a restraint; check.
3.
an enclosing framework or border.
4.
Also called curb bit. a bit used with a bridoon for control of a horse, to which a chain (curb chain) is hooked.
5.
Also called curb market; British, kerb market, kerbstone market. a market, originally on the sidewalk or street, for the sale of securities not listed on a stock exchange.
6.
the framework around the top of a well.
7.
the arris between an upper and a lower slope on a gambrel or mansard roof.
8.
a belt of metal, masonry, etc., for abutting a dome at its base.
9.
(in a windmill) the track on which the cap turns.
10.
Veterinary Pathology. a swelling on the lower part of the back of the hock of a horse, often causing lameness.
11.
Engineering. the cutting edge at the bottom of a caisson.
12.
Carpentry. purlin plate.
verb (used with object)
13.
to control as with a curb; restrain; check.
14.
to cause to keep near the curb:
Curb your dog.
15.
to furnish with or protect by a curb.
16.
to put a curb on (a horse).
Also, British, kerb (for defs 1, 15).
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English curb, courbe curved piece of wood (noun), stooped, hunchbacked (adj.) < Anglo-French curb, courb curved, bowed; Old French < Latin curvus crooked, bent, curved. See curve
Related forms
curbable, adjective
curbless, adjective
curblike, adjective
uncurb, verb (used with object)
uncurbable, adjective
uncurbed, adjective
Can be confused
curb, kerb.
Synonyms
13. bridle, repress. See check1 .
Antonyms
13. encourage.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for curb
  • Another means to curb them is to balance them by others as proud as they.
  • V ideo teleconferencing is often touted for its potential to promote better communications and curb expensive travel.
  • The potential of plug-in hybrids and electric vehicles to curb petroleum use has grabbed a lot of attention lately.
  • The scanner also detects elevation-the walker will stop at a step or curb.
  • However, drugs designed to curb stroke damage by blocking glutamate's effects have shown disappointing results in clinical trials.
  • Many governments have tried to curb emissions by cleaning up industry smokestacks and promoting alternative fuel sources.
  • But as efforts to curb them fail, the gulls get ever more aggressive.
  • Such seaweed could be helping to curb coral growth on reefs worldwide, the study authors say.
  • Scientists have been racing to find a way to curb the disease before it takes an even heavier toll.
  • At the same time, malaria researchers are pursuing a long-sought, elusive goal: a vaccine that would curb the disease for good.
British Dictionary definitions for curb

curb1

/kɜːb/
noun
1.
something that restrains or holds back
2.
any enclosing framework, such as a wall of stones around the top of a well
3.
  1. Also called curb bit. a horse's bit with an attached chain or strap, which checks the horse
  2. Also called curb chain. the chain or strap itself
4.
a hard swelling on the hock of a horse
verb (transitive)
5.
to control with or as if with a curb; restrain
See also kerb
Word Origin
C15: from Old French courbe curved piece of wood or metal, from Latin curvus curved

curb2

noun
1.
(vet science) a swelling on the leg of a horse, below the point of the hock, usually caused by a sprain

kerb

/kɜːb/
noun
1.
a line of stone or concrete forming an edge between a pavement and a roadway, so that the pavement is some 15 cm above the level of the road
verb
2.
(transitive) to provide with or enclose with a kerb
Word Origin
C17: from Old French courbe bent, from Latin curvus; see curve
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for curb
n.

late 15c., "strap passing under the jaw of a horse" (used to restrain the animal), from Old French courbe (12c.) "curb on a horse," from Latin curvus, from curvare "to bend" (see curve (v.)). Meaning "enclosed framework" is from 1510s, probably originally with a notion of "curved;" extended to margins of garden beds 1731; to "margin of stone between a sidewalk and road" 1791 (sometimes spelled kerb). Figurative sense of "a check, a restraint" is from 1610s.

v.

1520s, of horses, "to lead to a curb," from curb (n.). Figurative use from 1580s. Related: Curbed; curbing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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8
11
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