gaius caesar


Gaius [gey-uhs] , (or Caius) [key-uhs] , Julius, c100–44 b.c, Roman general, statesman, and historian.
Sid(ney) born 1922, U.S. comedian.
a title of the Roman emperors from Augustus to Hadrian, and later of the heirs presumptive.
any emperor.
a tyrant or dictator.
any temporal ruler, in contrast with God; the civil authority. Matt. 22:21.
a male given name: from a Roman family name. Unabridged


(Gaius Caesar) a.d. 12–41, emperor of Rome 37–41. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Caesar (ˈsiːzə)
1.  Gaius Julius (ˈɡaɪəs ˈdʒuːlɪəs). 100--44 bc, Roman general, statesman, and historian. He formed the first triumvirate with Pompey and Crassus (60), conquered Gaul (58--50), invaded Britain (55--54), mastered Italy (49), and defeated Pompey (46). As dictator of the Roman Empire (49--44) he destroyed the power of the corrupt Roman nobility. He also introduced the Julian calendar and planned further reforms, but fear of his sovereign power led to his assassination (44) by conspirators led by Marcus Brutus and Cassius Longinus
2.  any Roman emperor
3.  (sometimes not capital) any emperor, autocrat, dictator, or other powerful ruler
4.  a title of the Roman emperors from Augustus to Hadrian
5.  in the Roman Empire
 a.  a title borne by the imperial heir from the reign of Hadrian
 b.  the heir, deputy, and subordinate ruler to either of the two emperors under Diocletian's system of government
6.  short for Caesar salad

Caligula (kəˈlɪɡjʊlə)
original name Gaius Caesar, son of Germanicus. 12--41 ad, Roman emperor (37--41), noted for his cruelty and tyranny; assassinated

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1200, see caesarian; O.E. had casere, which would have yielded modern *coser, but it was replaced in M.E. by keiser, from Norse or Low Ger., and later in M.E. by the French or Latin form of the name. Cæsar was used as a title of emperors down to Hadrian (138 C.E.),
and also is the root of Ger. Kaiser and Rus. tsar (see czar). He competes as progenitor of words for "king" with Charlemagne (L. Carolus), as in Lithuanian karalius, Polish krol, Hungarian kiraly. In U.S. slang c.1900, a sheriff was Great Seizer.

cognomen of the third Roman emperor (12 C.E.-41 C.E.), born Gaius Caesar. The nickname is lit. "little boot," given when he joined his father on military campaigns when still a toddler, in full, child-sized military gear; dim. of caliga "heavy military shoe," which some related to calx "heel, tread,"
and others to a root meaning "to wrap, bind."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

Caesar definition

The family name of Julius Caesar and of the next eleven rulers of Rome, who were emperors.

Note: The emperors of Germany and Russia in modern times adapted the word caesar into titles for themselves — kaiser and czar.
Caligula [(kuh-lig-yuh-luh)]

A cruel and insane ruler of the Roman Empire in the first century a.d.; one of the twelve Caesars. To humiliate the senators of Rome, he appointed his horse to the senate.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Bible Dictionary

Caesar definition

the title assumed by the Roman emperors after Julius Caesar. In the New Testament this title is given to various emperors as sovereigns of Judaea without their accompanying distinctive proper names (John 19:15; Acts 17:7). The Jews paid tribute to Caesar (Matt. 22:17), and all Roman citizens had the right of appeal to him (Acts 25:11). The Caesars referred to in the New Testament are Augustus (Luke 2:1), Tiberius (3:1; 20:22), Claudius (Acts 11:28), and Nero (Acts 25:8; Phil. 4:22).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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