Nationalist China

World English Dictionary
Nationalist China
an unofficial name for (the Republic of) China

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

Nationalist China definition

The Republic of China; the government on the island of Taiwan. Established by Chiang Kai-shek in the late 1940s after he and his followers were driven from the mainland by the communists under Mao Zedong. Until 1979, the United States treated the Nationalist Chinese government as the legitimate government of all of China. Nationalist China and the United States still have unofficial diplomatic relations.

Nationalist China definition

After the conquest of mainland China by communists led by Mao Zedong in 1949, Nationalist (anticommunist) leader Chiang Kai-shek led the remnants of his army to the island of Taiwan, where he established a government called Nationalist China, which the United States long recognized as the only legitimate government for all of China.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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