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Scopes

[skohps] /skoʊps/
noun
1.
John Thomas, 1901–70, U.S. high-school teacher whose teaching of the Darwinian theory of evolution became a cause célèbre (Scopes Trial or Monkey Trial) in 1925.

scope

[skohp] /skoʊp/
noun
1.
extent or range of view, outlook, application, operation, effectiveness, etc.:
an investigation of wide scope.
2.
space for movement or activity; opportunity for operation:
to give one's fancy full scope.
3.
extent in space; a tract or area.
4.
length:
a scope of cable.
5.
aim or purpose.
6.
Linguistics, Logic. the range of words or elements of an expression over which a modifier or operator has control:
In “old men and women,” “old” may either take “men and women” or just “men” in its scope.
7.
(used as a short form of microscope, oscilloscope, periscope, radarscope, riflescope, telescopic sight, etc.)
verb (used with object), scoped, scoping.
8.
Slang. to look at, read, or investigate, as in order to evaluate or appreciate.
Verb phrases
9.
scope out, Slang.
  1. to look at or over; examine; check out:
    a rock musician scoping out the audience before going on stage.
  2. to master; figure out:
    By the time we'd scoped out the problem, it was too late.
Origin
1525-1535
1525-35; < Italian scopo < Greek skopós aim, mark to shoot at; akin to skopeîn to look at (see -scope)
Related forms
scopeless, adjective
Synonyms
1. See range. 2. margin, room, liberty.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for Scopes
  • Scopes was convicted of teaching evolution, but the verdict was overturned on appeal.
British Dictionary definitions for Scopes

scope

/skəʊp/
noun
1.
opportunity for exercising the faculties or abilities; capacity for action plenty of scope for improvement
2.
range of view, perception, or grasp; outlook
3.
the area covered by an activity, topic, etc; range the scope of his thesis was vast
4.
(nautical) slack left in an anchor cable
5.
(logic, linguistics) that part of an expression that is governed by a given operator: the scope of the negation in PV–(qr) is –(qr)
6.
(informal) short for telescope, microscope, oscilloscope
7.
(archaic) purpose or aim
verb (transitive)
8.
(informal) to look at or examine carefully
See also scope out
Word Origin
C16: from Italian scopo goal, from Latin scopus, from Greek skopos target; related to Greek skopein to watch
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Scopes

scope

n.

"extent," 1530s, "room to act," from Italian scopo "aim, purpose, object, thing aimed at, mark, target," from Latin scopus, from Greek skopos "aim, target, watcher," from PIE *spek- "to observe" (cf. Sanskrit spasati "sees;" Avestan spasyeiti "spies;" Greek skopein "behold, look, consider," skeptesthai "to look at;" Latin specere "to look at;" Old High German spehhon "to spy," German spähen "to spy"). Sense of "distance the mind can reach, extent of view" first recorded c.1600.

"instrument for viewing," 1872, abstracted from telescope, microscope, etc., from Greek skopein "to look" (see scope (n.1)). Earlier used as a shortening of horoscope (c.1600).

v.

"to view," 1807, from the source of scope (n.2). Related: Scoped; scoping.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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