World English Dictionary
Siva or Shiva (ˈsiːvə, ˈsɪvə)
Hinduism the destroyer, one of the three chief divinities of the later Hindu pantheon, the other two being Brahma and Vishnu. Siva is also the god presiding over personal destinies
[from Sanskrit Śiva, literally: the auspicious (one)]
Shiva or Shiva
[from Sanskrit Śiva, literally: the auspicious (one)]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

one of the three supreme gods of Hinduism, lord of destruction and reproduction, 1788, from Hind. Shiva, from Skt. Sivah, lit. "propitious, gracious," from PIE *ki-wo-, from base *kei- "beloved, dear" (connected with L. civis "citizen," lit. "member of a household"), also "to lie, couch" (cf.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica


one of the main deities of Hinduism, whom Shaivas worship as the supreme god (see Shaivism). Among his common epithets are Shambhu ("Benign"), Shankara ("Beneficent"), Mahesha ("Great Lord"), and Mahadeva ("Great God").

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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