Taliban

Collins
World English Dictionary
Taliban, Taleban or Talibaan (ˈtælɪbæn)
 
n
(in Afghanistan) a fundamentalist Islamic army: in 1996 it defeated the ruling mujaheddin factions and seized control of the country; overthrown in 2001 by US-led forces, although reistance continues, esp in the south
 
[C20: from Arabic tāliban seekers]
 
Taleban, Taleban or Talibaan
 
n
 
[C20: from Arabic tāliban seekers]
 
Talibaan, Taleban or Talibaan
 
n
 
[C20: from Arabic tāliban seekers]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Taliban
Sunni fundamentalist movement in Afghanistan, Pashto pl. of Arabic tālib "student;" so called because it originated among students in Pakistani religious schools. Group formed c.1993. Often incorrectly treated as singular in English.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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