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abrasive

[uh-brey-siv, -ziv] /əˈbreɪ sɪv, -zɪv/
noun
1.
any material or substance used for grinding, polishing, etc., as emery, pumice, or sandpaper.
adjective
2.
tending to abrade; causing abrasion; abrading.
3.
tending to annoy or cause ill will; overly aggressive:
an abrasive personality.
Origin
1870-1875
1870-75; < Latin abrās(us) (see abrasion) + -ive
Related forms
abrasively, adverb
abrasiveness, noun
unabrasive, adjective
unabrasively, adverb
Synonyms
2. harsh, rough, rasping.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for abrasive
  • Limestone is used in many toothpastes as an abrasive.
  • To "hone" is to use an abrasive to sharpen a knife.
  • Clarke is known for his aggressive -- sometimes abrasive -- personality and for his willingness to bypass bureaucratic channels.
  • He could also come across as abrasive and self-important.
  • On top of that, heavy snowfall made the sea ice soft and its surface abrasive.
  • She was loud, abrasive, monomaniacal and exciting to watch.
  • Steel wool with a dash of abrasive should remove remaining patches of dirt.
  • The baking soda & vinegar stir up the guck, the salt is an abrasive for a little cleaning.
  • To my ears, it's noisy and loud and abrasive.
  • Do not use anything abrasive like a nail file.
British Dictionary definitions for abrasive

abrasive

/əˈbreɪsɪv/
noun
1.
a substance or material such as sandpaper, pumice, or emery, used for cleaning, grinding, smoothing, or polishing
adjective
2.
causing abrasion; grating; rough
3.
irritating in manner or personality; causing tension or annoyance
Derived Forms
abrasiveness, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for abrasive
n.

"an abrasive substance," 1853, from abrasive (adj.).

adj.

1805, from Latin abras-, past participle stem of abradere (see abrasion) + -ive. Figurative sense of "tending to provoke anger" is first recorded 1925. Related: Abrasively; abrasiveness.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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abrasive in Medicine

abrasive a·bra·sive (ə-brā'sĭv, -zĭv)
adj.
Causing abrasion. n.
A material used to produce abrasion.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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