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aniline

[an-l-in, -ahyn] /ˈæn l ɪn, -ˌaɪn/
noun
1.
Also called aniline oil, aminobenzine, phenylamine. Chemistry. a colorless, oily, slightly water-soluble liquid, C 6 H 5 NH 2 , usually derived from nitrobenzene by reduction: used chiefly in the synthesis of dyes and drugs.
adjective
2.
pertaining to or derived from aniline:
aniline colors.
Also, anilin
[an-l-in] /ˈæn l ɪn/ (Show IPA)
.
Origin
1840-1850
1840-50; anil + -ine2
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for aniline
  • Perkin had stumbled upon the first artificial aniline-based dye.
British Dictionary definitions for aniline

aniline

/ˈænɪlɪn; -ˌliːn/
noun
1.
a colourless oily pungent poisonous liquid used in the manufacture of dyes, plastics, pharmaceuticals, and explosives. Formula: C6H5NH2 Also called phenylamine
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for aniline
n.

chemical base used in making colorful dyes, 1843, coined 1841 by German chemist Carl Julius Fritzsche (1808-1871) and adopted by Hofmann, ultimately from Portuguese anil "the indigo shrub," from Arabic an-nil "the indigo," assimilated from al-nil, from Persian nila, ultimately from Sanskrit nili "indigo," from nilah "dark blue." With chemical suffix -ine (2).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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aniline in Medicine

aniline an·i·line or an·i·lin (ān'ə-lĭn)
n.
An oily, poisonous benzene derivative used in the manufacture of dyes and pharmaceuticals. adj.
Derived from aniline.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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aniline in Science
aniline
  (ān'ə-lĭn)   
A colorless, oily, poisonous compound used in the manufacture of rubber, dyes, resins, pharmaceuticals, and varnishes. Aniline is an amine of benzene. Chemical formula: C6H7N.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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