The former official speculated to The Daily Beast that Israel had targeted Russian-made antiaircraft batteries known as SA-17s.
All sides agreed that it was brought down by a Buk antiaircraft missile, also known as a SA-17 Grizzly in NATO terminology.
The heaviest weapons, such as antiaircraft and antitank missiles, came from around the capital itself.
From assault rifles to antiaircraft missiles, Libya is overflowing with armaments.
The cruise-missile attacks were aimed largely at degrading Libya's antiaircraft defenses, which were considerable.
One Austrian seaplane was brought down by Italian antiaircraft batteries.
Some are made for dropping five hundred pound antiaircraft guns.
As they swung lower, to sow bombs about the place, antiaircraft guns opened on them and they departed.
Austrian aeroplanes and antiaircraft batteries obtained hits on the Italian torpedo boats.
British antiaircraft guns shot down two other German machines, one of them being a large bombing machine, which carried four men.