brace

[breys]
noun
1.
something that holds parts together or in place, as a clasp or clamp.
2.
anything that imparts rigidity or steadiness.
3.
Also called bitbrace, bitstock. Machinery. a device for holding and turning a bit for boring or drilling.
4.
Building Trades. a piece of timber, metal, etc., for supporting or positioning another piece or portion of a framework.
5.
Nautical. (on a square-rigged ship) a rope by which a yard is swung about and secured horizontally.
6.
Music. leather loops sliding upon the tightening cords of a drum to change their tension and the drum's pitch.
7.
Often, braces. Dentistry. a round or flat metal wire placed against the surfaces of the teeth for straightening irregularly arranged teeth.
8.
Medicine/Medical. an appliance for supporting a weak joint or joints.
9.
braces, Chiefly British, suspender ( def 1 ).
10.
a pair; couple: a brace of grouse.
11.
Printing.
a.
one of two characters { or } used to enclose words or lines to be considered together.
b.
bracket ( def 7 ).
12.
Music. connected staves.
13.
a protective band covering the wrist or lower part of the arm, especially a bracer.
14.
Military. a position of attention with exaggeratedly stiff posture.
verb (used with object), braced, bracing.
15.
to furnish, fasten, or strengthen with or as if with a brace.
16.
to fix firmly; make steady; secure against pressure or impact: He braces himself when the ship rolls. Brace yourself for some bad news.
17.
to make tight; increase the tension of.
18.
to act as a stimulant to.
19.
Nautical. to swing or turn around (the yards of a ship) by means of the braces.
20.
Military. to order (a subordinate) to assume and maintain a brace.
verb (used without object), braced, bracing.
21.
Military. to assume a brace.
Verb phrases
22.
brace in, Nautical. to brace (the yards of a square-rigged vessel) more nearly athwartships, as for running free.
Idioms
23.
brace up, Informal. to summon up one's courage; become resolute: She choked back her tears and braced up.

Origin:
1300–50; (noun) Middle English < Anglo-French, Old French: pair of arms < Latin brā(c)chia plural (taken as feminine singular) of brā(c)chium arm (< Greek; see brachium); (v.) in part Middle English bracen (< Anglo-French bracier, derivative of brace; cf. embrace1), in participle derivative of the noun

overbrace, verb (used with object), overbraced, overbracing.
rebrace, verb (used with object), rebraced, rebracing.
underbrace, noun
underbrace, verb (used with object), underbraced, underbracing.
well-braced, adjective


1. vise. 4. stay, prop, strut. 10. See pair. 15. support, fortify, prop. 17. tauten, tense. 18. fortify.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

suspender

[suh-spen-der]
noun
1.
Usually, suspenders. Also called, especially British, braces. adjustable straps or bands worn over the shoulders with the ends buttoned or clipped to the waistband of a pair of trousers or a skirt to support it.
2.
British, garter.
3.
a hanging cable or chain in a suspension bridge connecting the deck with the suspension cable or chain.
4.
a person or thing that suspends.

Origin:
1515–25; 1800–10, Americanism for def 1; suspend + -er1

suspenderless, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To braces
Collins
World English Dictionary
brace (breɪs)
 
n
1.  See also brace and bit In full: hand brace a hand tool for drilling holes, with a socket to hold the drill at one end and a cranked handle by which the tool can be turned
2.  something that steadies, binds, or holds up another thing
3.  a structural member, such as a beam or prop, used to stiffen a framework
4.  a sliding loop, usually of leather, attached to the cords of a drum: used to change its tension
5.  a pair; two, esp of game birds: a brace of partridges
6.  either of a pair of characters, { }, used for connecting lines of printing or writing or as a third sign of aggregation in complex mathematical or logical expressions that already contain parentheses and square brackets
7.  Also called: accolade a line or bracket connecting two or more staves of music
8.  (often plural) an appliance of metal bands and wires that can be tightened to maintain steady pressure on the teeth for correcting uneven alignment
9.  med any of various appliances for supporting the trunk, a limb, or teeth
10.  another word for bracer
11.  (in square-rigged sailing ships) a rope that controls the movement of a yard and thus the position of a sail
12.  See braces
 
vb
13.  to provide, strengthen, or fit with a brace
14.  to steady or prepare (oneself or something) as before an impact
15.  (also intr) to stimulate; freshen; invigorate: sea air is bracing
16.  to control the horizontal movement of (the yards of a square-rigged sailing ship)
 
[C14: from Old French: the two arms, from Latin bracchia arms]

braces (ˈbreɪsɪz)
 
pl n
(Brit) US and Canadian word: suspenders a pair of straps worn over the shoulders by men for holding up the trousers

suspender (səˈspɛndə)
 
n
1.  (Brit) (often plural)
 a.  an elastic strap attached to a belt or corset having a fastener at the end, for holding up women's stockings
 b.  US and Canadian equivalent: garter a similar fastener attached to a garter worn by men in order to support socks
2.  (US), (Canadian) (plural) Also called (in Britain and certain other countries): braces a pair of straps worn over the shoulders by men for holding up the trousers
3.  a person or thing that suspends, such as one of the vertical cables that carries the deck in a suspension bridge

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

brace
early 14c., "armor for the arms," from O.Fr. brace, braz "arms," also "length measured by two arms" (12c., Mod.Fr. bras "arm, power;" brasse "fathom, armful, breaststroke"), from L. bracchia pl. of bracchium "an arm, a forearm," from Gk. brakhion "arm" (see brachio-).
Applied to various devices for fastening and tightening, on notion of clasping arms. The verb "to render firm or steady by tensing" is mid-15c., with figurative extension to tonics, etc. that "brace" the nerves (cf. bracer "stiff drink"). Related: Braced; bracing.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

brace (brās)
n.

  1. An orthopedic appliance that supports or holds a movable part of the body in correct position while allowing motion of the part.

  2. Often braces A dental appliance, constructed of bands and wires that is fixed to the teeth to correct irregular alignment.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Hold the posts plumb by placing diagonal braces at right angles to each other.
We were obliged to steady the booms and yards by guys and braces, and to lash
  everything well below.
The items in curly braces are there to indicate that there might be a number of
  possibilities.
Patients with braces are often given prescription toothpaste and mouthwash that
  contain high levels of fluoride.
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