1 [broil]
verb (used with object)
to cook by direct heat, as on a gridiron over the heat or in an oven under the heat; grill: to broil a steak.
to scorch; make very hot.
verb (used without object)
to be subjected to great heat; become broiled.
to burn with impatience, annoyance, etc.
the act or state of broiling; state of being broiled.
something broiled, especially meat: She ordered a beef broil and salad.

1300–50; Middle English brulen, brolyn, broillen < Anglo-French bruill(i)er, broil(l)er, Old French brusler, brul(l)er to burn (French brûler), a conflation of the verbs represented by Old French bruir to burn (< Frankish *brōjan; compare Middle High German brü(ej)en, German brühen to scald) and usler < Latin ustulāre to scorch

broilingly, adverb Unabridged


2 [broil]
an angry quarrel or struggle; disturbance; tumult: a violent broil over who was at fault.
verb (used without object)
to quarrel; brawl.

1400–50; late Middle English broylen to present in disorder, quarrel < Anglo-French, Old French broiller to jumble together < Gallo-Romance *brodiculāre, equivalent to *brod- (< Germanic; see broth, brewis) + Late Latin -iculāre v. suffix

broilingly, adverb Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
broil1 (brɔɪl)
1.  chiefly (US), (Canadian) Usual equivalent (in Britain and other countries): grill to cook (meat, fish, etc) by direct heat, as under a grill or over a hot fire, or (of meat, fish, etc) to be cooked in this way
2.  to become or cause to become extremely hot
3.  (intr) to be furious
4.  the process of broiling
5.  something broiled
[C14: from Old French bruillir to burn, of uncertain origin]

broil2 (brɔɪl)
1.  a loud quarrel or disturbance; brawl
2.  (intr) to brawl; quarrel
[C16: from Old French brouiller to mix, from breu broth; see brewis, brose]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"cook," late 14c., from O.Fr. bruller "to broil, roast" (Mod.Fr. brûler), from brusler "to burn" (11c.), which, with It. bruciare, is of uncertain and much-disputed origin. Perhaps from V.L. *brodum "broth," borrowed from P.Gmc. and ultimately related to brew. Gamillscheg
proposes it to be from L. ustulare "to scorch, singe" (from ustus, pp. of urere "to burn") and altered by influence of Germanic "burn" words beginning in br-. Related: Broiled; broiling.

"quarrel," c.1400, from Anglo-Fr. broiller "mix up, confuse," O.Fr. brooillier "to mix, mingle," figuratively "to have sexual intercourse" (13c., Mod.Fr. brouiller), perhaps from breu, bro "stock, broth, brew," from Frankish or another Gmc. source (cf. O.H.G. brod "broth") akin to
broth (see brew); also compare imbroglio.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica


cooking by exposing food to direct radiant heat, either on a grill over live coals or below a gas burner or electric coil. Broiling differs from roasting and baking in that the food is turned during the process so as to cook one side at a time. Temperatures are higher for broiling than for roasting; the broil indicator of a household range is typically set around 550 F (288 C), whereas larger commercial appliances broil between 700 and 1,000 F (371 and 538 C)

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
But compared to broiling, frying or microwaving your bread, you can't beat the convenient predictability of a toaster.
In part to escape the broiling tropical sun, he slipped into a tunnel that had been dug by looters.
But suddenly, the smell of broiling cow had me heading for the toilet.
Spray a baking sheet or broiling pan with cooking spray.
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