bufflehead

[buhf-uhl-hed]
noun
a small North American duck, Bucephala albeola, the male of which has bushy head plumage.

Origin:
1855–60, Americanism; buffle (see buff1) + head

buffleheaded, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
bufflehead (ˈbʌfəlˌhɛd)
 
n
Also called: butterball a small North American diving duck, Bucephala (or Glaucionetta) albeola: the male has black-and-white plumage and a fluffy head
 
[C17 buffle from obsolete buffle wild ox (see buff1), referring to the duck's head]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

bufflehead

(Bucephala albeola), small, rapid-flying duck of the family Anatidae, which breeds in woodland ponds and bogs from Alaska and northern California east to Ontario. It winters along both coasts of North America. The bufflehead, at a length of about 33-39 cm (13-15.5 inches), is among the smallest of hunted waterfowl. The black-and-white drake has a white wedge on the back of his head; his mate has a white bar below and behind her eye. Buffleheads begin breeding at the age of two. The pale eggs, about nine in an average clutch, are laid in holes abandoned by flickers, in trees fairly near the water. The diet consists of small aquatic invertebrates, plus some fish in winter. Not shy of hunters, buffleheads will often circle and return to the same spot from which they were flushed.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
They range in size from the small bufflehead to the large ocean-dwelling common eider.
Bufflehead, lesser scaup, and ring-necked ducks are common during some years.
Diving ducks that have shown increases in populations based on mid-winter survey data include the bufflehead and mergansers.
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