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champignon

[sham-pin-yuh n or, esp. British, cham-; French shahn-pee-nyawn] /ʃæmˈpɪn yən or, esp. British, tʃæm-; French ʃɑ̃ piˈnyɔ̃/
noun, plural champignons
[sham-pin-yuh nz or, esp. British, cham-; French shahn-pee-nyawn] /ʃæmˈpɪn yənz or, esp. British, tʃæm-; French ʃɑ̃ piˈnyɔ̃/ (Show IPA)
1.
mushroom (defs 1, 2).
Origin
1570-1580
1570-80; < Middle French, apparently ≪ Vulgar Latin *campīn(us) of the field (see camp1, -ine1) + Latin -iōn- -ion
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for champignon

champignon

/tʃæmˈpɪnjən/
noun
1.
any of various agaricaceous edible mushrooms, esp Marasmius oreades and the meadow mushroom See also fairy ring
Word Origin
C16: from French, perhaps from Vulgar Latin campīnus (unattested) of the field, from Latin campus plain, field
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for champignon
n.

"mushroom," 1570s, from Middle French champignon (14c.), with change of suffix, from Old French champegnuel, from Vulgar Latin *campaniolus "that which grows in the field," from Late Latin campaneus "pertaining to the fields," from campania "level country" (see campaign (n.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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