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[sahy-tey-shuh n] /saɪˈteɪ ʃən/
Military. mention of a soldier or a unit in orders, usually for gallantry:
She recieved a presidential citation.
any award or commendation, as for outstanding service, hard work, or devotion to duty, especially a formal letter or statement recounting a person's achievements.
a summons, especially to appear in court.
a document containing such a summons.
the act of citing or quoting a reference to an authority or a precedent.
a passage cited; quotation.
Also, cite. a quotation showing a particular word or phrase in context.
Also, cite. mention or enumeration.
Origin of citation
1250-1300; Middle English citacio(u)n < Late Latin citātiōn- (stem of citātiō), equivalent to Latin citāt(us) past participle of citāre (see cite1) + -iōn- -ion
Related forms
citational, adjective
noncitation, noun
precitation, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for citation
  • One opinion after the next, with no citation to his sources.
  • Social impact measures based on tweets are proposed to complement traditional citation metrics.
  • But in the citation of the last paper, there was a break with tradition.
  • If she gets a traffic citation, she has to pay for her own insurance.
  • The problem with your citation of that paper is that this is not a surprise.
  • But the abundance of respectful citation does not add to validity.
  • Yes that's right: they did not get citation format correct so everything that they said must be wrong.
  • citation of sources is part of what makes science accredited and credible, and is expected.
  • Yet in five cases, officials agreed to allow him back on the road if he accepted one citation and paid hundreds of dollars.
  • If you press citation of your own work, you give the appearance of self-promotion.
British Dictionary definitions for citation


the quoting of a book or author in support of a fact
a passage or source cited for this purpose
a listing or recounting, as of facts
an official commendation or award, esp for bravery or outstanding service, work, etc, usually in the form of a formal statement made in public
  1. an official summons to appear in court
  2. the document containing such a summons
(law) the quoting of decided cases to serve as guidance to a court
Derived Forms
citatory (ˈsaɪtətərɪ; -trɪ) adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for citation

c.1300, "summons, written notice to appear," from Old French citation or directly from Latin citationem (nominative citatio) "a command," noun of action from past participle stem of citare "to summon, urge, call; put in sudden motion, call forward; rouse, excite" (see cite). Meaning "passage cited, quotation" is from 1540s. From 1918 as "a mention in an official dispatch."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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