complaint

[kuhm-pleynt]
noun
1.
an expression of discontent, regret, pain, censure, resentment, or grief; lament; faultfinding: his complaint about poor schools.
2.
a cause of discontent, pain, grief, lamentation, etc.
3.
a cause of bodily pain or ailment; malady: The doctor says I suffer from a rare complaint.
4.
Law. the first pleading of the plaintiff in a civil action, stating the cause of action.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English compleynte < Middle French complainte < Latin com- com- + plancta plaint

countercomplaint, noun


3. sickness, illness, ailment.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
complaint (kəmˈpleɪnt)
 
n
1.  the act of complaining; an expression of grievance
2.  a cause for complaining; grievance
3.  a mild ailment
4.  English law a statement by which a civil proceeding in a magistrates' court is commenced

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

complaint
mid-14c., from O.Fr. complainte (12c.) "complaint, lament," from L.L. complancta, related to *complangere (see complain). Meaning "bodily ailment" is from 1705 (often in U.S. colloquial use generalized as complaints).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

complaint

in law, the plaintiff's initial pleading, corresponding to the libel in admiralty, the bill in equity, and the claim in civil law. The complaint, called in common law a declaration, consists of a title, a statement showing venue or jurisdiction, one or more counts containing a brief formal exposition of facts giving rise to the claim asserted, and a demand for relief. Thus, it informs the defendant of the plaintiff's claim and initiates the pretrial process of narrowing the case to one or more sharply defined issues of law or fact. In common law and under early procedural codes, the task of defining the issues was performed solely by the pleadings, but modern procedural systems have added pretrial conferences and deposition and discovery procedures for this purpose.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
The high cost of textbooks is a rising student complaint.
Whether or not his complaint would ultimately be upheld is a different story.
My only complaint is that the upper portion is a bit tight.
Not that the study seems perfect, but this is probably not the right complaint.
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