decimal system

noun
a system of counting or measurement, the units of which are powers of 10: the numerical system in common worldwide use.

Origin:
1835–45

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
decimal system
 
n
1.  the number system in general use, having a base of ten, in which numbers are expressed by combinations of the ten digits 0 to 9
2.  a system of measurement, such as the metric system, in which the multiple and submultiple units are related to a basic unit by powers of ten

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
decimal system  
  1. A number system based on units of 10 and using decimal notation.

  2. A system of measurement in which all derived units are multiples of 10 of the fundamental units.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
He tried to get the government to change the traditional values of pounds,
  shillings and pence for a decimal system.
Instead, humanity is stuck with the decimal system its two five-appendaged
  hands have made almost inevitable.
We used bottle caps to understand the decimal system.
The figure of a thousand, in contrast, is a straightforward product of the
  decimal system of counting.
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