divergence

[dih-vur-juhns, dahy-]
noun
1.
the act, fact, or amount of diverging: a divergence in opinion.
2.
(in physics, meteorology, etc.) the total amount of flux escaping an infinitesimal volume at a point in a vector field, as the net flow of air from a given region.
3.
Ophthalmology. a turning motion of the eyeballs outward in relation to each other.
4.
Electronics. the spreading of a stream of electrons resulting from their mutual electrostatic repulsion.

Origin:
1650–60; < Medieval Latin dīvergentia. See diverge, -ence

nondivergence, noun


1. separation, division, variation, deviation.


1. convergence.
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World English Dictionary
divergence (daɪˈvɜːdʒəns)
 
n
1.  the act or result of diverging or the amount by which something diverges
2.  the condition of being divergent
3.  meteorol the outflowing of airstreams from a particular area, caused by expanding air
4.  maths
 a.  curl See gradient the scalar product of the operator, ∇, and a vector function, A, where ∇= i∂/∂x + j∂/∂y+ k∂/∂z, and i, j, and k are unit vectors. Usually written: div A, A, or ∇A.
 b.  the property of being divergent
5.  the spreading of a stream of electrons as a result of their mutual electrostatic repulsion
6.  Compare convergence the turning of the eyes outwards in order to fixate an object farther away than that previously being fixated
7.  Compare convergence Also called: divergent evolution the evolutionary development of structures or organisms that differ from each other in form and function but have evolved from the same basic structure or organism

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

divergence
1650s, from Mod.L. divergentia (see diverge).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

divergence di·ver·gence (dĭ-vûr'jəns, dī-)
n.

  1. A moving or spreading apart in different directions from a common point.

  2. The degree by which things deviate or spread apart.

  3. A turning of both eyes outward from a common point or of one eye when the other is fixed.

  4. The spreading of branches of the neuron to form synapses with several other neurons.

  5. The evolutionary process by which organisms descended from a common ancestor tend to acquire different forms when living under different conditions.


di·ver'gent adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
divergence   (dĭ-vûr'jəns)  Pronunciation Key 
  1. Mathematics The property or manner of failing to approach a limit, such as a point, line, or value.

  2. Biology The evolution of different forms or structures in related species as they adapt to different environments. An example of divergence is the development of wings in bats from the same bones that form the arm and hand or paw in most other mammals. Also called divergent evolution. Compare convergence.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Review the difference between convergence and divergence.
Between that root and those tips lie millions of branching points, representing
  historical moments of evolutionary divergence.
The great divergence and critical difference is between two concepts of public
  law.
But there is also a divergence of intellectual tradition.
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