[en-dahyv, ahn-deev; French ahn-deev]
noun, plural endives [en-dahyvz, ahn-deevz; French ahn-deev] .
a composite plant, Cichorium endivia, having a rosette of often curly-edged leaves used in salads. Compare escarole.
Also called Belgian endive, French endive, witloof. a young chicory plant, deprived of light to form a narrow head of whitish leaves that are eaten as a cooked vegetable or used raw in salads.
Furniture. an ornamental motif having the form of an arrangement of acanthus or endive leaves.

1325–75; Middle English < Middle FrenchMedieval Greek entýbia, plural of entýbion, derivative of earlier éntybon < Latin intubum, intibum, earlier intubus chicory, endive, perhaps < Semitic

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endive (ˈɛndaɪv)
Compare chicory a plant, Cichorium endivia, cultivated for its crisp curly leaves, which are used in salads: family Asteraceae (composites)
[C15: from Old French, from Medieval Latin endīvia, variant of Latin intubus, entubus, of uncertain origin]

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Word Origin & History

late 14c., from O.Fr. endive, ult. from Medieval Gk. entybon (though OED considers this a borrowing from L.), probably of Eastern origin (perhaps from Egyptian tybi "January," which is when the plant grows in Egypt).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Put that over crostini, use endive leaves, pita chips whatever you want.
These steaks would be great served with the endive salad.
Place the endive in a buttered baking dish and add the butter, chicken stock, salt and pepper.
Cooked endive, an unlikely comfort food, is wonderful with walnuts.
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