|1.||a. a tract of land, usually with house and buildings, cultivated as a unit or used to rear livestock|
|b. (as modifier): farm produce|
|c. (in combination): farmland|
|2.||a unit of land or water devoted to the growing or rearing of some particular type of vegetable, fruit, animal, or fish: a fish farm|
|3.||an installation for storage|
|4.||a district of which one or more taxes are leased|
|a. a fixed sum paid by an individual or group for the right of collecting and retaining taxes, rents, etc|
|b. a fixed sum paid regularly by a town, county, etc, in lieu of taxes|
|c. the leasing of a source of revenue to an individual or group|
|d. a fixed tax, rent, etc, paid regularly|
|a. to cultivate (land)|
|b. to rear (stock, etc) on a farm|
|7.||(intr) to engage in agricultural work, esp as a way of life|
|8.||(tr) to look after a child for a fixed sum|
|9.||a. to collect the moneys due and retain the profits from (a tax district, business, etc) for a specified period on payment of a sum or sums|
|b. to operate (a franchise) under similar conditions|
|[C13: from Old French ferme rented land, ultimately from Latin firmāre to settle]|
farmingn. [Adelaide University, Australia] What the heads of a disk drive are said to do when they plow little furrows in the magnetic media. Associated with a crash. Typically used as follows: "Oh no, the machine has just crashed; I hope the hard drive hasn't gone farming again." No longer common; modern drives automatically park their heads in a safe zone on power-down, so it takes a real mechanical problem to induce this.
(Matt. 22:5). Every Hebrew had a certain portion of land assigned to him as a possession (Num. 26:33-56). In Egypt the lands all belonged to the king, and the husbandmen were obliged to give him a fifth part of the produce; so in Palestine Jehovah was the sole possessor of the soil, and the people held it by direct tenure from him. By the enactment of Moses, the Hebrews paid a tithe of the produce to Jehovah, which was assigned to the priesthood. Military service when required was also to be rendered by every Hebrew at his own expense. The occuptaion of a husbandman was held in high honour (1 Sam. 11:5-7; 1 Kings 19:19; 2 Chr. 26:10). (See LAND LAWS Ø(n/a); TITHE.)
the active production of useful plants or animals in ecosystems that have been created by people. Agriculture has often been conceptualized narrowly, in terms of specific combinations of activities and organisms-wet-rice production in Asia, wheat farming in Europe, cattle ranching in the Americas, and the like-but a more holistic perspective holds that humans are environmental engineers who disrupt terrestrial habitats in specific ways. Anthropogenic disruptions such as clearing vegetation or tilling the soil cause a variety of localized changes; common effects include an increase in the amount of light reaching ground level and a reduction in the competition among organisms. As a result, an area may produce more of the plants or animals that people desire for food, technology, medicine, and other uses.
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