goiter

[goi-ter]
noun Pathology.
an enlargement of the thyroid gland on the front and sides of the neck, usually symptomatic of abnormal thyroid secretion, especially hypothyroidism due to a lack of iodine in the diet.
Also, especially British, goitre.


Origin:
1615–25; < French goitreLatin guttur throat

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World English Dictionary
goitre or goiter (ˈɡɔɪtə)
 
n
pathol a swelling of the thyroid gland, in some cases nearly doubling the size of the neck, usually caused by under- or overproduction of hormone by the gland
 
[C17: from French goitre, from Old French goitron, ultimately from Latin guttur throat]
 
goiter or goiter
 
n
 
[C17: from French goitre, from Old French goitron, ultimately from Latin guttur throat]
 
'goitred or goiter
 
adj
 
'goitered or goiter
 
adj
 
'goitrous or goiter
 
adj

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

goiter
1625, from Fr. goître, from Rhône dialect, from O.Prov. goitron "throat, gullet," from V.L. *gutturiosum, from L. guttur "throat" (see guttural).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

goiter goi·ter (goi'tər)
n.
A noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid gland, visible as a swelling at the front of the neck, that is often associated with iodine deficiency.


goi'trous (-trəs) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
goiter   (goi'tər)  Pronunciation Key 
An enlarged thyroid gland, visible as a swelling at the front of the neck. It is often associated with thyroid disease, especially in areas of the world outside of North America where iodine deficiency is endemic.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences for +goitre
Goitre was previously common in many areas that were deficient in iodine in the soil.
It also causes gradual enlargement of the thyroid gland, referred to as a goitre.
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