follow Dictionary.com

8 Wintry Words to Defrost Your Vocabulary

hardening

[hahr-dn-ing] /ˈhɑr dn ɪŋ/
noun
1.
a material that hardens another, as an alloy added to iron to make steel.
2.
the process of becoming hard or rigid.
Origin
1620-1630
1620-30; harden + -ing1

harden

[hahr-dn] /ˈhɑr dn/
verb (used with object)
1.
to make hard or harder:
to harden steel.
2.
to make pitiless or unfeeling:
to harden one's heart.
3.
to make rigid or unyielding; stiffen:
The rigors of poverty hardened his personality.
4.
to strengthen or confirm, especially with reference to character, intentions, feelings, etc.; reinforce.
5.
to make hardy, robust, or capable of endurance; toughen.
6.
Military. to reinforce the structure of (a military or strategic installation) to protect it from nuclear bombardment.
verb (used without object)
7.
to become hard or harder.
8.
to become pitiless or unfeeling.
9.
to become rigid or unyielding; stiffen:
His personality hardened over the years.
10.
to become confirmed or strengthened:
His resistance hardened.
11.
to become inured or toughened:
The troops hardened under constant fire.
12.
Commerce.
  1. to cease to fluctuate; firm:
    When the speculators withdrew from the market, the prices hardened.
  2. to rise higher.
Origin
1150-1200; Middle English; see hard, -en1
Related forms
hardenable, adjective
hardenability, noun
overharden, verb
preharden, verb (used with object)
reharden, verb
unharden, verb (used with object)
unhardenable, adjective
Synonyms
1. solidify, indurate; petrify, ossify. 4. fortify, steel, brace, nerve.
Antonyms
1. soften. 4. weaken.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source
Examples from the web for hardening
  • The major signs of scleroderma are hardening and thickening of the skin in any areas on the fingers and toes.
  • It's as if our system is getting hardening of the arteries.
  • It comes at a time when views are slowly hardening against the current unreliable and expensive system.
  • The old shell is an excellent source of minerals, so the lobster eats some of it to quicken the hardening of the new one.
  • It causes lots of scar formation in the arteries, hardening them.
  • The fact that fats in dairy products can contribute to hardening of the arteries and heart disease has long been common knowledge.
  • The laser first scans a solid circular region on the surface of the liquid, hardening it into a disk--the base of the cup.
  • And there it will stay, hardening into a cast of the pulmonary circulation.
  • Other noted symptoms are hardening of internal organs, muscle pain, fatigue and skin lesions.
  • Not quite time yet for the hardening of a new orthodoxy.
British Dictionary definitions for hardening

hardening

/ˈhɑːdənɪŋ/
noun
1.
the act or process of becoming or making hard
2.
a substance added to another substance or material to make it harder

harden1

/ˈhɑːdən/
verb
1.
to make or become hard or harder; freeze, stiffen, or set
2.
to make or become more hardy, tough, or unfeeling
3.
to make or become stronger or firmer: they hardened defences
4.
to make or become more resolute or set: hardened in his resolve
5.
(intransitive) (commerce)
  1. (of prices, a market, etc) to cease to fluctuate
  2. (of price) to rise higher
See also harden off, harden up

harden2

/ˈhɑːdən/
noun
1.
a rough fabric made from hards
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Cite This Source
Word Origin and History for hardening

harden

n.

c.1200 (replacing Old English heardian) "to make (something) hard," from hard + -en (1). Meaning "to become hard" is late 14c. Related: Hardened (figurative sense of "unfeeling" is from late 14c.); hardening.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source

Word of the Day

Difficulty index for hardening

Most English speakers likely know this word

Word Value for hardening

14
16
Scrabble Words With Friends

Quotes with hardening