increment

[in-kruh-muhnt, ing-]
noun
1.
something added or gained; addition; increase.
2.
profit; gain.
3.
the act or process of increasing; growth.
4.
an amount by which something increases or grows: a weekly increment of $25 in salary.
5.
one of a series of regular additions: You may make deposits in increments of $500.
6.
Mathematics.
a.
the difference between two values of a variable; a change, positive, negative, or zero, in an independent variable.
b.
the increase of a function due to an increase in the independent variable.

Origin:
1375–1425; late Middle English < Latin incrēmentum an increase, equivalent to incrē(scere) to grow (see increase) + -mentum -ment

incremental [in-kruh-men-tl, ing-] , adjective
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World English Dictionary
increment (ˈɪnkrɪmənt)
 
n
1.  an increase or addition, esp one of a series
2.  the act of increasing; augmentation
3.  maths a small positive or negative change in a variable or function. Symbol: Δ, as in Δx or Δf
 
[C15: from Latin incrēmentum growth, increase]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

increment
early 15c., "act or process of increasing," from L. incrementum "growth, increase," from stem of increscere "to grow in or upon" (see increase). Meaning "amount of increase" first attested 1630s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

increment in·cre·ment (ĭn'krə-mənt, ĭng'-)
n.

  1. The process of increasing in number, size, quantity, or extent.

  2. Something added or gained.

  3. A small positive or negative change in the value of a variable.


in'cre·men'tal (-měn'tl) adj.
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Example sentences
If there is a raise in taxes, it should be a small increment.
And with every incremental increase in grid reliability, the cost of the next increment goes up.
Tax increment financing is a leading topic of discussion among candidates.
Please discuss the much faster than linear progression in the size of the error
  bars with each additional temporal increment.
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