The new Jim Crow, enforced not with burning crosses but with fountain pens, to paraphrase Woody Guthrie.
Many readers will be familiar with the postwar reemergence of racism in the guise of Southern Jim Crow laws and the Ku Klux Klan.
Correcting for institutions such as Jim Crow and apartheid takes powerful, collective effort.
Each working in its own way was essential to ending Jim Crow in the South.
This mass incarceration is destroying the Black community -- it is, as Michelle Alexander writes, the New Jim Crow.
"I will fly away and bring back the flower," said Professor Jim Crow.
The doubtful spot on the Jim Crow was not a blow-out, but a "horse."
A minstrel who made a great hit with "Jim Crow" once gave me a valuable lesson on table manners.
"We're just taking some water to Jim Crow," replied Mrs. Robin.
Jim Crow was a treacherous rascal, but it paid him to work for the white folk.
"black person," 1838, American English, originally the name of a black minstrel character in a popular song-and-dance act by T.D. Rice (1808-1860) that debuted 1828 and attained national popularity by 1832:
Wheel about, an' turn about, an' do jis so;Where and how Rice got it, or wrote it, is a mystery. Even before that, crow (n.) had been a derogatory term for a black man. Association with segregation dates from 1842, in reference to a railroad car for blacks. Modern use as a type of racial discrimination is from 1943. In mid-19c., Jim Crow also could be a reference to someone's change of (political) principles (from the "jump" in the song).
Eb'ry time I wheel about, I jump Jim Crow.
A descriptive term for the segregation of institutions, businesses, hotels, restaurants, and the like. It also refers to the laws that required racial segregation.
: Jim Crow laws
: I would like to say that the people who Jim Crow me have a white heart
[fr a character in a minstrel-show song by T D Rice]