a toilet or something used as a toilet, as a trench in the earth in a camp, or bivouac area.

1635–45; < French < Latin lātrīna, short for lavātrīna place for washing, derivative of lavāre to wash Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
latrine (ləˈtriːn)
a lavatory, as in a barracks, camp, etc
[C17: from French, from Latin lātrīna, shortened form of lavātrīna bath, from lavāre to wash]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

c.1300, from L. latrina, contraction of lavatrina "washbasin, washroom," from lavatus, pp. of lavare "to wash" (see lave) + -trina, suffix denoting "workplace." Its reappearance in 1640s is probably a re-borrowing from Fr.; esp. of a privy of a camp, barracks, college, hospital,
etc. Latrine rumor "baseless gossip" (of the kind that spreads in conversations in latrines) is military slang, first recorded 1918.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
But after five years, the town had provided no electricity and had turned down
  their application for a communal latrine.
It is a typical matchbox house: four small rooms inside, pit latrine and
  cold-water tap outside.
Each campsite includes a low-impact latrine with a composting toilet.
Closed for half of last summer, the beach is a latrine for sea gulls, research
  studies say.
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