|1.||bay, Also called: true laurel any lauraceous tree of the genus Laurus, such as the bay tree (see bay4) and L. canariensis, of the Canary Islands and Azores|
|2.||any lauraceous plant|
|3.||cherry laurel short for mountain laurel|
|4.||spurge laurel a European thymelaeaceous evergreen shrub, Daphne laureola, with glossy leaves and small green flowers|
|5.||spotted laurel, Japan laurel an evergreen cornaceous shrub, Aucuba japonica, of S and SE Asia, the female of which has yellow-spotted leaves|
|6.||(plural) a wreath of true laurel, worn on the head as an emblem of victory or honour in classical times|
|7.||(plural) honour, distinction, or fame|
|8.||look to one's laurels to be on guard against one's rivals|
|9.||rest on one's laurels to be satisfied with distinction won by past achievements and cease to strive for further achievements|
|—vb , -rels, -relling, -relled, -rels, -reling, -reled|
|10.||(tr) to crown with laurels|
|[C13 lorer, from Old French lorier laurel tree, ultimately from Latin laurus]|
city, Prince George's county, central Maryland, U.S., on the Patuxent River midway between Washington, D.C., and Baltimore. The land was patented to Richard Snowden, who arrived about 1658 and founded the community. Montpelier Mansion (1783; Georgian), built by Thomas Snowden, is now owned by the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission. The town was named for the local laurel trees. After World War II the community experienced growth as a residential and industrial centre. The Applied Physics Laboratory of Johns Hopkins University is there. Laurel Park racecourse offers Thoroughbred racing and was the site of the annual Washington D.C. International horse race from 1952 until 1995, when the race was discontinued. The Patuxent Wildlife Research Center within Patuxent Research Refuge (southeast) is between Fort George G. Meade (an army base) and the National Agricultural Research Center. T. Howard Duckett (Rocky Gorge) Reservoir and Dam are immediately northwest. Inc. town, 1870. Pop. (1990) 19,438; (2000) 19,960.
Learn more about Laurel with a free trial on Britannica.com.