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malign

[muh-lahyn] /məˈlaɪn/
verb (used with object)
1.
to speak harmful untruths about; speak evil of; slander; defame:
to malign an honorable man.
adjective
2.
evil in effect; pernicious; baleful; injurious:
The gloomy house had a malign influence upon her usually good mood.
3.
having or showing an evil disposition; malevolent; malicious.
Origin
1275-1325
1275-1325; Middle English maligne < Middle French < Latin malignus. See mal-, benign
Related forms
maligner, noun
malignly, adverb
unmaligned, adjective
Synonyms
1. libel, calumniate; disparage; revile, abuse, vilify. 2. baneful.
Antonyms
1. praise.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for maligner

malign

/məˈlaɪn/
adjective
1.
evil in influence, intention, or effect
verb
2.
(transitive) to slander or defame
Derived Forms
maligner, noun
malignly, adverb
Word Origin
C14: via Old French from Latin malīgnus spiteful, from malus evil
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for maligner
n.

early 15c., agent noun from malign (v.).

malign

adj.

early 14c., from Old French maligne "having an evil nature," from Latin malignus "wicked, bad-natured," from male "badly" (see mal-) + -gnus "born," from gignere "to bear, beget," from PIE root *gn- "to bear" (see genus).

v.

"to slander," mid-15c., from earlier more literal sense of "to plot, to contrive" (early 15c.), from Old French malignier "to plot, deceive, pervert," from Late Latin malignare "to do maliciously," from malignus (see malign (adj.)). Related: Maligned; maligning.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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