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muezzin

[myoo-ez-in, moo-] /myuˈɛz ɪn, mu-/
noun
1.
the crier who, from a minaret or other high part of a mosque, at stated hours five times daily, intones aloud the call summoning Muslims to prayer.
Origin
1575-1585
1575-85; < Turkish müezzin < Arabic mu'adhdhin
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for muezzin
  • Five times a day, polyphonies of the muezzin call to prayer roll across the city.
  • The muezzin sounds his call to prayer five times daily.
  • The call of the muezzin puts an end to the interview before it degenerates.
  • The climb is by a series of ramps: the muezzin used to ride up on horseback.
  • One resident noted that among the dead was the mosque's muezzin, who called the faithful to prayer from the mosque's loudspeakers.
  • He returned bowed mist, a muezzin proclaiming the hour of noon down and heavy hearted to the encampment.
  • Surely you hear the muezzin's ancient call to prayer from atop the minarets.
British Dictionary definitions for muezzin

muezzin

/muːˈɛzɪn/
noun
1.
(Islam) the official of a mosque who calls the faithful to prayer five times a day from the minaret
Word Origin
C16: changed from Arabic mu'adhdhin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for muezzin
n.

"official who calls Muslims to prayer from the minaret of a mosque," 1580s, from Arabic muadhdhin, properly active participle of adhdhana, frequentative of adhanna "he proclaimed," from uthn "ear." Cf. Hebrew he'ezin "he gave ear, heard," from ozen "ear." English spelling is from dialectal use of -z- for -dh-.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for muezzin

mu'addin

in Islam, the official who proclaims the call to prayer (adhan) on Friday for the public worship and the call to the daily prayer (salat) five times a day, at dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and nightfall. To summon worshipers the Jews use a trumpet and the Christians use a bell, but the Muslims use the human voice. The muezzin is the servant of the mosque and is chosen for his good character. He stands either at the door or side of a small mosque or on the minaret (manara) of a large one. He faces each of the four compass directions in turn: east, west, north, and south. To each direction he cries: "Allah is most great. I testify that there is no God but Allah. I testify that Muhammad is the prophet of Allah. Come to prayer. Come to salvation. Allah is most great. There is no God but Allah." Shi'ite muezzin add, "Come to the best work," after "Come to salvation." Many mosques have installed electronic recordings of the call to prayer, and amplifiers have displaced the muezzin.

Learn more about mu'addin with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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