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mumps

[muhmps] /mʌmps/
noun, (used with a singular verb) Pathology
1.
an infectious disease characterized by inflammatory swelling of the parotid and usually other salivary glands, and sometimes by inflammation of the testes or ovaries, caused by a paramyxovirus.
Origin
1590-1600
1590-1600; mump1 + -s3

mump1

[muhmp, moo mp] /mʌmp, mʊmp/
verb (used with object)
1.
to mumble; mutter.
verb (used without object)
2.
to sulk; mope.
3.
to grimace.
Origin
1580-90; imitative, apparently akin to mum1; compare Dutch mompen to mumble, German mimpfeln to mumble while eating, Icelandic mumpa to take into the mouth, eat greedily

mump2

[muhmp, moo mp] /mʌmp, mʊmp/
verb (used with object)
1.
to cheat.
verb (used without object)
2.
to beg.
Origin
1645-55; < Dutch mompen (obsolete)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for mumps
  • Or better yet, a vaccine administered before kindergarten, along with those for measles and mumps.
  • Their primary reason: enduring concern over the debunked link between autism and the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine.
  • They don't see the effects that polio, mumps, etc had.
  • The condition often occurs after a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract, such as mumps and influenza.
  • mumps is a contagious disease that is caused by the mumps virus.
British Dictionary definitions for mumps

mumps

/mʌmps/
noun
1.
(functioning as singular or pl) an acute contagious viral disease of the parotid salivary glands, characterized by swelling of the affected parts, fever, and pain beneath the ear: usually affects children Also called epidemic parotitis
Derived Forms
mumpish, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from mump1 (to grimace)

mump1

/mʌmp/
verb
1.
(intransitive) (archaic) to be silent
Word Origin
C16 (to grimace, sulk, be silent): of imitative origin, alluding to the shape of the mouth when mumbling or chewing

mump2

/mʌmp/
verb
1.
(intransitive) (archaic) to beg
Word Origin
C17: perhaps from Dutch mompen to cheat
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for mumps
n.

type of contagious disease, c.1600, from plural of mump "a grimace" (1590s), originally a verb, "to whine like a beggar" (1580s), from Dutch mompen "to cheat, deceive," originally probably "to mumble, whine," of imitative origin. The infectious disease probably so called in reference to swelling of the salivary glands of the face and/or to painful difficulty swallowing. Mumps also was used from 17c. to mean "a fit of melancholy."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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mumps in Medicine

mumps (mŭmps)
pl.n.
An acute inflammatory contagious disease caused by a paramyxovirus and characterized by swelling of the salivary glands, especially the parotids, and sometimes of the pancreas, ovaries, or testes. This disease, mainly affecting children, can be prevented by vaccination. Also called epidemic parotitis.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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mumps in Science
mumps
  (mŭmps)   
An infectious disease caused by a virus of the family Paramyxoviridae and the genus Rubulavirus, characterized by swelling of the salivary glands, especially the parotid glands, and sometimes of the pancreas, testes, or ovaries. Vaccinations, usually given in early childhood, confer immunity to mumps.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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mumps in Culture

mumps definition


An acute and contagious disease marked by fever and inflammation of the salivary glands. Caused by a virus, mumps is normally a childhood disease that passes with no aftereffects.

Note: A child who has had mumps is immune from further infection by the mumps virus.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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mumps in Technology
language
(Or "M") Massachusetts General Hospital Utility Multi-Programming System.
A programming language with extensive tools for the support of database management systems. MUMPS was originally used for medical records and is now widely used where multiple users access the same databases simultaneously, e.g. banks, stock exchanges, travel agencies, hospitals.
Early MUMPS implementations for PDP-11 and IBM PC were complete operating systems, as well as programming languages, but current-day implementations usually run under a normal host operating system.
A MUMPS program hardly ever explicitly performs low-level operations such as opening a file - there are programming constructs in the language that will do so implicitly, and most MUMPS programmers are not even aware of the operating system activity that MUMPS performs.
Syntactically MUMPS has only one data-type: strings. Semantically, the language has many data-types: text strings, binary strings, floating point values, integer values, Boolean values. Interpretation of strings is done inside functions, or implicitly while applying mathematical operators. Since many operations involve only moving data from one location to another, it is faster to just move uninterpreted strings. Of course, when a value is used multiple times in the context of arithmetical operations, optimised implementations will typically save the numerical value of the string.
MUMPS was designed for portability. Currently, it is possible to share the same MUMPS database between radically different architectures, because all values are stored as text strings. The worst an implementation may have to do is swap pairs of bytes. Such multi-CPU databases are actually in use, some offices share databases between VAX, DEC Alpha, SUN, IBM PC and HP workstations.
Versions of MUMPS are available on practically all hardware, from the smallest (IBM PC, Apple Macintosh, Acorn Archimedes), to the largest mainframe. MSM (Micronetics Standard MUMPS) runs on IBM PC RT and R6000; DSM (Digital Standard Mumps) on the PDP-11, VAX, DEC Alpha, and Windows-NT; Datatree MUMPS from InterSystems runs on IBM PC; and MGlobal MUMPS on the Macintosh. Multi-platform versions include M/SQL, available from InterSystems, PFCS and MSM.
Greystone Technologies' GT/M runs on VAX and DEC Alpha. This is a compiler whereas the others are interpreters. GT/SQL is their SQL pre-processor.
ISO standard 11756 (1991). ANSI standard: "MUMPS Language Standard", X11.1 (1977, 1984, 1990, 1995?).
The MUMPS User's Group was the M Technology Association.
Usenet newsgroups: news:comp.lang.mumps.
(2003-06-04)
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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