nephrotic syndrome

Medical Dictionary

nephrotic syndrome ne·phrot·ic syndrome (nə-frŏt'ĭk)
n.
A clinical state marked by edema, albuminuria, decreased plasma albumin, doubly refractile bodies in the urine, and usually increased blood cholesterol. It results from increased permeability of the glomerular capillary basement membranes. Also called nephrosis.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

nephrotic syndrome

group of signs of kidney malfunction, including a low level of albumin (a protein) and a high level of lipids (fats) in the blood, proteins in the urine, and the accumulation of fluid in the tissues. Nephrotic syndrome typically results in the loss of more than 3.5 grams of proteins per day. It may result from streptococcal infection, lupus erythematosus, renal vein thrombosis, or heavy-metal poisoning.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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