nihilism

[nahy-uh-liz-uhm, nee-]
noun
1.
total rejection of established laws and institutions.
2.
anarchy, terrorism, or other revolutionary activity.
3.
total and absolute destructiveness, especially toward the world at large and including oneself: the power-mad nihilism that marked Hitler's last years.
4.
Philosophy.
a.
an extreme form of skepticism: the denial of all real existence or the possibility of an objective basis for truth.
b.
nothingness or nonexistence.
5.
(sometimes initial capital letter) the principles of a Russian revolutionary group, active in the latter half of the 19th century, holding that existing social and political institutions must be destroyed in order to clear the way for a new state of society and employing extreme measures, including terrorism and assassination.
6.
annihilation of the self, or the individual consciousness, especially as an aspect of mystical experience.

Origin:
1810–20; < Latin nihil nothing (variant of nihilum; see nil) + -ism

nihilist, noun, adjective
nihilistic, adjective
antinihilism, noun
antinihilist, noun, adjective
nonnihilism, noun
nonnihilist, noun
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World English Dictionary
nihilism (ˈnaɪɪˌlɪzəm)
 
n
1.  a complete denial of all established authority and institutions
2.  philosophy an extreme form of scepticism that systematically rejects all values, belief in existence, the possibility of communication, etc
3.  a revolutionary doctrine of destruction for its own sake
4.  the practice or promulgation of terrorism
 
[C19: from Latin nihil nothing + -ism, on the model of German Nihilismus]
 
'nihilist
 
n, —adj
 
nihil'istic
 
adj

Nihilism (ˈnaɪɪˌlɪzəm)
 
n
(in tsarist Russia) any of several revolutionary doctrines that upheld terrorism

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

nihilism
1817, "the doctrine of negation" (in ref. to religion or morals), from Ger. Nihilismus, from L. nihil "nothing at all" (see nil), coined by Ger. philosopher Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi (1743-1819). In philosophy, an extreme form of skepticism (1836). The political sense was first
used by Ger. journalist Joseph von Görres (1776-1848). Turgenev used the Rus. form of the word (nigilizm) in "Fathers and Children" (1862) and claimed to have invented it. With a capital N-, it refers to the Rus. revolutionary anarchism of the period 1860-1917, supposedly so called because "nothing" that then existed found favor in their eyes. Nihilist first attested 1836, in the religious or philosophical sense; in the Rus. political sense, it is recorded from 1871.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

nihilism ni·hil·ism (nī'ə-lĭz'əm, nē'-)
n.

  1. The belief that destruction of existing political or social institutions is necessary for future improvement.

  2. A delusion, experienced in some mental disorders, that the world or one's mind, body, or self does not exist.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
nihilism [(neye-uh-liz-uhm, nee-uh-liz-uhm)]

An approach to philosophy that holds that human life is meaningless and that all religions, laws, moral codes, and political systems are thoroughly empty and false. The term is from the Latin nihil, meaning “nothing.”

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
The whole world suffers from this nihilist philosophy.
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