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pneuma

[noo-muh, nyoo-] /ˈnu mə, ˈnyu-/
noun
1.
the vital spirit; the soul.
2.
Theology. the Spirit of God; the Holy Ghost.
Origin
1875-1880
1875-80; < Greek pneûma literally, breath, wind, akin to pneîn to blow, breathe
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for pneuma

pneuma

/ˈnjuːmə/
noun
1.
(philosophy) a person's vital spirit, soul, or creative energy Compare psyche
Word Origin
C19: from Greek: breath, spirit, wind; related to pnein to blow, breathe
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for pneuma
n.

used in English in various sense, from Greek pneuma "a blowing, a wind, blast; breeze; influence; breathed air, breath; odor, scent; spirit of a person; inspiration, a spirit, ghost," from pnein "to blow, to breathe," from PIE root *pneu- "to breathe," of imitative origin (cf. Greek pnoe "breath," pnoia "breathing;" Old English fnora "sneezing," fnæran "to snort").

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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