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praseodymium

[prey-zee-oh-dim-ee-uh m, prey-see-] /ˌpreɪ zi oʊˈdɪm i əm, ˌpreɪ si-/
noun, Chemistry
1.
a rare-earth, metallic, trivalent element, named from its green salts. Symbol: Pr; atomic weight: 140.91; atomic number: 59; specific gravity: 6.77 at 20°C.
Origin
1880-1885
1880-85; < New Latin, equivalent to praseo- (combining form representing Greek prásios leek-green; see prase) + (di)dymium
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for praseodymium
  • The sudden drop in resistivity indicates that praseodymium's bound f electrons become delocalized at this pressure.
British Dictionary definitions for praseodymium

praseodymium

/ˌpreɪzɪəʊˈdɪmɪəm/
noun
1.
a malleable ductile silvery-white element of the lanthanide series of metals. It occurs principally in monazite and bastnaesite and is used with other rare earths in carbon-arc lights and as a pigment in glass. Symbol: Pr; atomic no: 59; atomic wt: 140.90765; valency: 3; relative density: 6.773; melting pt: 931°C; boiling pt: 3520°C
Word Origin
C20: New Latin, from Greek prasios of a leek-green colour + didymium
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for praseodymium
n.

rare metallic element, 1885, coined in Modern Latin by discoverer Carl Auer von Welsbach (1858-1929) from Greek prasios "leek-green" (from prason "leek") + didymos "double," the name given to an earth in 1840, so called because it was a "twin" to lanthana. When didymia was further analyzed in the 1880s, it was found to have several components, one of which was characterized by green salts and named accordingly, with the elemental suffix -ium.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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praseodymium in Medicine

praseodymium pra·se·o·dym·i·um (prā'zē-ō-dĭm'ē-əm, prā'sē-)
n.
Symbol Pr
A soft malleable ductile rare-earth element that develops a characteristic green tarnish in air and is used to color glass and ceramics yellow and in metallic alloy. Atomic number 59; atomic weight 140.908; melting point 931°C; boiling point 3,510°C; specific gravity 6.8; valence 3.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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praseodymium in Science
praseodymium
  (prā'zē-ō-dĭm'ē-əm)   
Symbol Pr
A soft, malleable, silvery metallic element of the lanthanide series that develops a green tarnish in air. It is used to add a yellow tint to glass and ceramics and to make the glass used in welding goggles. Atomic number 59; atomic weight 140.908; melting point 935°C; boiling point 3,127°C; specific gravity 6.8; valence 3, 4. See Periodic Table.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for praseodymium

Pr

((Pr), chemical element, rare-earth metal of transition Group IIIb of the periodic table, used as the element in special alloys and, as its oxide, in glasses. Moderately soft, ductile, and malleable, this silvery metal rapidly displaces hydrogen from water and slowly reacts in air, developing a green oxide coating, which chips. For preservation, the metal must be sealed in a plastic covering or kept in mineral oil. Praseodymium was discovered in didymia, a mixture of several rare-earth oxides. From it, by repeated fractional crystallization of ammonium didymium nitrate, Carl Auer von Welsbach separated (1885) salts of the elements praseodymium (the green fraction) and neodymium. Praseodymium occurs in minerals such as monazite and bastnaesite and as one of the products of nuclear fission. Natural praseodymium is all stable isotope praseodymium-141. This element is commercially separated and purified by ion-exchange techniques; the reduction of the fluoride or chloride with calcium is one way in which the metal itself is prepared

Learn more about Pr with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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