predicate

[v. pred-i-keyt; adj., n. pred-i-kit]
verb (used with object), predicated, predicating.
1.
to proclaim; declare; affirm; assert.
2.
Logic.
a.
to affirm or assert (something) of the subject of a proposition.
b.
to make (a term) the predicate of such a proposition.
3.
to connote; imply: His retraction predicates a change of attitude.
4.
to found or derive (a statement, action, etc.); base (usually followed by on ): He predicated his behavior on his faith in humanity.
verb (used without object), predicated, predicating.
5.
to make an affirmation or assertion.
adjective
7.
Grammar. belonging to the predicate: a predicate noun.
noun
8.
Grammar. (in many languages, as English) a syntactic unit that functions as one of the two main constituents of a simple sentence, the other being the subject, and that consists of a verb, which in English may agree with the subject in number, and of all the words governed by the verb or modifying it, the whole often expressing the action performed by or the state attributed to the subject, as is here in Larry is here.
9.
Logic. that which is affirmed or denied concerning the subject of a proposition.

Origin:
1400–50; (noun) late Middle English (< Middle French predicat) < Medieval Latin praedicātum, noun use of neuter of Latin praedicātus, past participle of praedicāre to declare publicly, assert, equivalent to prae- pre- + dicā(re) to show, indicate, make known + -tus past participle suffix; (v. and adj.) < Latin praedicātus; cf. preach

predication, noun
predicational, adjective
predicative [pred-i-key-tiv, -kuh-; British pri-dik-uh-tiv] , adjective
predicatively, adverb
nonpredicative, adjective
nonpredicatively, adverb
subpredicate, noun
subpredication, noun
subpredicative, adjective
unpredicated, adjective
unpredicative, adjective
unpredicatively, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
predicate
 
vb (foll by on or upon)
1.  (also intr; when tr, may take a clause as object) to proclaim, declare, or affirm
2.  to imply or connote
3.  to base or found (a proposition, argument, etc)
4.  logic
 a.  to assert or affirm (a property, characteristic, or condition) of the subject of a proposition
 b.  to make (a term, expression, etc) the predicate of a proposition
 
n
5.  grammar
 a.  the part of a sentence in which something is asserted or denied of the subject of a sentence; one of the two major components of a sentence, the other being the subject
 b.  (as modifier): a predicate adjective
6.  logic
 a.  an expression that is derived from a sentence by the deletion of a name
 b.  a property, characteristic, or attribute that may be affirmed or denied of something. The categorial statement all men are mortal relates two predicates, is a man and is mortal
 c.  the term of a categorial proposition that is affirmed or denied of its subject. In this example all men is the subject, and mortal is the predicate
 d.  a function from individuals to truth values, the truth set of the function being the extension of the predicate
 
adj
7.  of or relating to something that has been predicated
 
[C16: from Latin praedicāre to assert publicly, from prae in front, in public + dīcere to say]
 
predi'cation
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

predicate
1532, a term in logic, from L. prædicatum "that which is said of the subject," prop. neut. pp. of prædicare "assert, proclaim, declare publicly," from præ- "forth, before" + dicare "proclaim," from stem of dicere "to speak, to say" (see diction). Grammatical
sense is from 1638. Phrase predicated on "founded on, based on," is Amer.Eng., first recorded 1766.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
predicate [(pred-i-kuht)]

The part of a sentence that shows what is being said about the subject. The predicate includes the main verb and all its modifiers. In the following sentence, the italicized portion is the predicate: “Olga's dog was the ugliest creature on four legs.”

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

predication

in logic, the attributing of characteristics to a subject to produce a meaningful statement combining verbal and nominal elements. Thus, a characteristic such as "warm" (conventionally symbolized by a capital letter W) may be predicated of some singular subject, for example, a dish-symbolized by a small letter d, often called the "argument." The resulting statement is "This dish is warm"; i.e., Wd. Using ~ to symbolize "not," the denial ~Wd can also be predicated. If that of which "warm" is predicated is indefinite, a blank may be left for the predicate, W-, or the variable x may be employed, Wx, thus producing the propositional function "x is warm" instead of a definite proposition. By quantifying the function by (x), meaning "For every x . . . ," or by (x), meaning "There is an x such that . . . ," it is transformed into a proposition again, either general or particular instead of singular, which predicates warmness (or its negation) of several or many subjects of a kind. The predication is identical if it characterizes every referent (x); it is disparate if it fails to characterize some or all of the referents. The predication is formal if the subject necessarily entails (or excludes) the predicate; it is material if the entailment is contingent

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
The entire dung heap of mathematical theory makes not a single predication about the world.
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