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prior1

[prahy-er] /ˈpraɪ ər/
adjective
1.
preceding in time or in order; earlier or former; previous:
A prior agreement prevents me from accepting this.
2.
preceding in importance or privilege.
noun
3.
Informal. a prior conviction.
Idioms
4.
prior to, preceding; before:
Prior to that time, buffalo had roamed the Great Plains in tremendous numbers.
Origin
1705-1715
1705-15; < Latin: former, elder, superior (adj.), before (adv.); akin to prime, pre-
Related forms
priorly, adverb
Synonyms
1. anterior, antecedent.

prior2

[prahy-er] /ˈpraɪ ər/
noun
1.
an officer in a monastic order or religious house, sometimes next in rank below an abbot.
2.
a chief magistrate, as in the medieval republic of Florence.
Origin
before 1100; Middle English, late Old English < Medieval Latin, Late Latin: one superior in rank; noun use of prior prior1
Related forms
priorship, noun
subpriorship, noun

Prior

[prahy-er] /ˈpraɪ ər/
noun
1.
Matthew, 1664–1721, English poet.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for prior
  • These appointees rarely had prior experience in postal service and mail delivery.
  • prior to discussing the conjugable words, a brief note about stem forms.
  • The party leaders are elected prior to the general elections by party memberships.
  • Four of the men were executed and a fifth committed suicide prior to his own execution.
  • Several of the films were shown first on uk television prior to their dvd release.
  • Even today these records and are consulted prior to marriages.
  • Genetic testing prior to pregnancy is also increasingly available.
  • The option of placing the cue ball anywhere on the table prior to shooting.
  • prior to steam power livestock were the only available source of nonhuman labour.
  • So silk should either be prewashed prior to garment construction, or dry cleaned.
British Dictionary definitions for prior

prior1

/ˈpraɪə/
adjective
1.
(prenominal) previous; preceding
2.
prior to, before; until
noun
3.
(statistics) a prior probability
Word Origin
C18: from Latin: previous

prior2

/ˈpraɪə/
noun
1.
the superior of a house and community in certain religious orders
2.
the deputy head of a monastery or abbey, ranking immediately below the abbot
3.
(formerly) a chief magistrate in medieval Florence and other Italian republics
Word Origin
C11: from Late Latin: head, from Latin (adj): previous, from Old Latin pri before

Prior

/ˈpraɪə/
noun
1.
Matthew. 1664–1721, English poet and diplomat, noted for his epigrammatic occasional verse
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for prior
prior
1714, from L. prior "former, superior," comparative of Old L. pri "before" (see prime), related to L. præ "before" (see pre-).
prior
"superior officer of a religious house or order," 1093, from L. prior "former, superior" (see prior (adj.)).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for prior

prior

noun

An earlier conviction; previous: ''Any priors onhim?'' ''Dinged once, in Rapid City'' (1978+)


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Word of The Day

Difficulty index for prior

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Word Value for prior

7
8
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