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protectorate

[pruh-tek-ter-it] /prəˈtɛk tər ɪt/
noun
1.
the relation of a strong state toward a weaker state or territory that it protects and partly controls.
2.
a state or territory so protected.
3.
the office or position, or the term of office, of a protector.
4.
the government of a protector.
5.
(initial capital letter) English History. the period (1653–59) during which Oliver and Richard Cromwell held the title of Lord Protector, sometimes extended to include the period of the restoration of the Rump Parliament (1659–60).
Origin
1685-1695
1685-95; protector + -ate3
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for protectorate

protectorate

/prəˈtɛktərɪt/
noun
1.
  1. a territory largely controlled by but not annexed to a stronger state
  2. the relation of a protecting state to its protected territory
2.
the office or period of office of a protector
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for protectorate
n.

1690s in reference to the government by the Cromwells; 1795 as "occupied territory of another nation," from protector + -ate (1). Meaning "state or territory (usually tribal) placed under the protection of a major power" is from 1860.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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protectorate in Culture
protectorate [(pruh-tek-tuhr-uht)]

A relationship between a strong sovereign nation and a weak nation or area not recognized as a nation. Once the strong nation has established a protectorate over a weak nation, it can control the latter's affairs.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for protectorate

Protectorate

the English government from 1653 to 1659. After the execution of King Charles I, England was declared a commonwealth (1649) under the rule of Parliament. But, after Oliver Cromwell had dissolved the Rump and Barebones parliaments in succession in 1653, he was installed on Dec. 16, 1653, as lord protector of the commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland under the authority of a constitution entitled the Instrument of Government, which had been drawn up by a group of army officers. The Protectorate, as Cromwell's government is now known, was continued after his death on Sept. 3, 1658, by his son Richard, until the latter resigned the office on May 25, 1659, upon which Parliament's resumption of power served merely as a prelude to the Restoration of Charles II

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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