a narrow steep-sided valley commonly eroded by running water.

1400–50; late Middle English < Middle French: torrent, Old French: a violent rushing; see raven2

raviney, adjective
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World English Dictionary
ravine (rəˈviːn)
a deep narrow steep-sided valley, esp one formed by the action of running water
[C15: from Old French: torrent, from Latin rapīna robbery, influenced by Latin rapidusrapid, both from rapere to snatch]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1760, "deep gorge," from Fr. ravin "a gully" (1690, from O.Fr. raviner "to hollow out"), and from Fr. ravine "violent rush of water, gully," from O.Fr. ravine "violent rush, robbery, rapine," both ult. from L. rapina (see rapine); sense influenced by L. rapidus "rapid." M.E.
ravine meant "booty, plunder, robbery" from c.1350-1500. Cf. ravening.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The botanists forged through a thicket and crossed a rocky ravine bed.
Below me snakes a dusty ravine studded with old olive trees.
There must be an out-of-sight mountain river or ravine pushing or pulling the
If the train doesn't stop, it may plunge into a ravine.
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