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recluse

[n. rek-loos, ri-kloos; adj. ri-kloos, rek-loos] /n. ˈrɛk lus, rɪˈklus; adj. rɪˈklus, ˈrɛk lus/
noun
1.
a person who lives in seclusion or apart from society, often for religious meditation.
2.
Also, incluse. a religious voluntary immured in a cave, hut, or the like, or one remaining within a cell for life.
adjective, recluse, Also, reclusive
3.
shut off or apart from the world; living in seclusion, often for religious reasons.
4.
characterized by seclusion; solitary.
Origin
1175-1225
1175-1225; Middle English < Old French reclus < Late Latin reclūsus, past participle of reclūdere to shut up, equivalent to re- re- + -clūd-, combining form of claudere to close + -tus past participle suffix, with dt > s
Related forms
nonreclusive, adjective
unrecluse, adjective
unreclusive, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for recluse
  • Her life, lived as a half recluse, gave rise to all sorts of stories concerning her.
  • The penitential austerities which she practised, were such as seemed rather to suit a recluse than one who lived in a court.
  • If they have any idea of his subsequent life, it's probably that he became a recluse.
  • The recluse witnesses what others perform by their aid with a kind of fear.
  • OF course he had to be mentally committed to an asylum and lived life as a recluse later in life.
  • The affliction had turned her into a virtual recluse.
  • Brown recluse spiders can be more difficult to spot.
  • Brown recluse spiders, as their name suggest, are shy and secretive creatures.
  • The brown recluse is brown with a lighter violin pattern on the back.
British Dictionary definitions for recluse

recluse

/rɪˈkluːs/
noun
1.
a person who lives in seclusion
2.
a person who lives in solitude to devote himself to prayer and religious meditation; a hermit, anchorite, or anchoress
adjective
3.
solitary; retiring
Derived Forms
reclusion (rɪˈkluːʒən) noun
reclusive, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Old French reclus, from Late Latin reclūdere to shut away, from Latin re- + claudere to close
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for recluse
n.

c.1200, "person shut up from the world for purposes of religious meditation," from Old French reclus (fem. recluse) "hermit, recluse," also "confinement, prison; convent, monastery," noun use of reclus (adj.) "shut up," from Late Latin reclusus, past participle of recludere "to shut up, enclose" (but in classical Latin "to throw open"), from Latin re-, intensive prefix, + claudere "to shut" (see close (v.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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