the act of keeping back, withholding, or setting apart.
the act of making an exception or qualification.
an exception or qualification made expressly or tacitly: to accept something, but with inner reservations.
a tract of public land set apart for a special purpose, as for the use of an Indian tribe.
an arrangement to secure accommodations at a restaurant or hotel, on a boat or plane, etc.
the record kept or assurance given of such an arrangement: Sorry, the hotel has no reservation under that name.

1350–1400; Middle English reservacioun < Middle French reservation, equivalent to reserv(er) to reserve + -ation -ation

nonreservation, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
reservation (ˌrɛzəˈveɪʃən)
1.  the act or an instance of reserving
2.  something reserved, esp hotel accommodation, a seat on an aeroplane, in a theatre, etc
3.  (often plural) a stated or unstated qualification of opinion that prevents one's wholehearted acceptance of a proposal, claim, statement, etc
4.  an area of land set aside, esp (in the US) for American Indian peoples
5.  (Brit) the strip of land between the two carriageways of a dual carriageway
6.  the act or process of keeping back, esp for oneself; withholding
7.  law a right or interest retained by the grantor in property granted, conveyed, leased, etc, to another: a reservation of rent

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1380, "act of reserving," from M.Fr. reservation, from L.L. reservationem (nom. reservatio), from L. reservatus, pp. of reservare (see reserve). U.S. Indian tribe sense is recorded from 1789, originally in ref. to the Six Nations in New York State. Meaning "act or fact
of engaging a room, a seat, etc." is from 1904, originally Amer.Eng.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
All the hotel group provides is its brand and its online reservation system in
  return for a cut of the takings.
Let me grab my beeper and make a reservation from my improbably large car phone.
My only reservation about this article is the meat-eating triumphalism evident
  in many of the comments.
It is still almost impossible to get a reservation at the best restaurants.
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