residence

[rez-i-duhns]
noun
1.
the place, especially the house, in which a person lives or resides; dwelling place; home: Their residence is in New York City.
2.
a structure serving as a dwelling or home, especially one of large proportion and superior quality: They have a summer residence in Connecticut.
3.
the act or fact of residing: during his residence in Spain.
4.
the act of living or staying in a specified place while performing official duties, carrying on studies or research, awaiting a divorce, etc.
5.
the time during which a person resides in a place: a residence there of five years.
6.
the location of the main offices or principal center of business activity of a commercial enterprise, especially a large corporation, as registered under law.
7.
Chemistry, residence time.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Middle French < Medieval Latin residentia, equivalent to Latin resid(ēre) to reside + -entia -ence


1. habitation, domicile. 1, 2. See house. 2. mansion. 5. stay, abode, sojourn.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
residence (ˈrɛzɪdəns)
 
n
1.  the place in which one resides; abode or home
2.  a large imposing house; mansion
3.  the fact of residing in a place or a period of residing
4.  the official house of the governor of any of various countries
5.  the state of being officially present
6.  in residence
 a.  actually resident: the royal standard indicates that the Queen is in residence
 b.  designating a creative artist resident for a set period at a university, college, etc, whose role is to stimulate an active interest in the subject: composer in residence
7.  the seat of some inherent quality, characteristic, etc

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

residence
c.1380, from M.L. residentia, from L. residentem (nom. residens) "residing, dwelling," prp. of residere "reside" (see reside). Residential is attested from 1654, "serving as a residence;" meaning "having to do with housing" is from 1856.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

residence res·i·dence (rěz'ĭ-dəns, -děns')
n.
A medical residency.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

residence

in anthropology, the location of a domicile, particularly after marriage. Residence has been an important area of investigation because it is a locus where biological (consanguineal) and marital (affinal) forms of kinship combine.

Learn more about residence with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
There's usually some friendly banter if the customs official has been near my
  birthplace or place of residence.
Residence time is the amount of time a water molecule spends in one place in
  the water cycle.
In theory, the landlord gets control of a rent-controlled apartment once its
  occupant establishes a primary residence elsewhere.
Along with existing residence halls, the two new three-story buildings create a
  quad anchoring the northeast corner of the campus.
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