a person who resides in a place.
a physician who joins the medical staff of a hospital as a salaried employee for a specified period to gain advanced training usually in a particular field, being in full-time attendance at the hospital and often living on the premises.
a diplomatic representative, inferior in rank to an ambassador, residing at a foreign court.
(formerly) a representative of the British governor general at a native court in India.
(formerly) the governor of a residency in the Dutch East Indies.
residing; dwelling in a place.
living or staying at a place in discharge of duty.
(of qualities) existing; intrinsic.
(of birds) not migratory.
encoded and permanently available to a computer user, as a font in a printer's ROM or software on a CD-ROM.
(of a computer program) currently active or standing by in computer memory.

1350–1400; Middle English < Latin resident- (stem of residēns), present participle of residēre to reside; see -ent

residentship, noun
pseudoresident, adjective
unresident, adjective

citizen, resident. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
resident (ˈrɛzɪdənt)
1.  a person who resides in a place
2.  social welfare Former name: inmate an occupant of a welfare agency home
3.  (esp formerly) a representative of the British government in a British protectorate
4.  (esp in the 17th century) a diplomatic representative ranking below an ambassador
5.  (in India, formerly) a representative of the British governor general at the court of a native prince
6.  a bird or other animal that does not migrate
7.  (US), (Canadian) Compare house physician a physician who lives in the hospital where he or she works while undergoing specialist training after completing his or her internship
8.  (Brit), (NZ) a junior doctor, esp a house officer, who lives in the hospital in which he or she works
9.  living in a place; residing
10.  living or staying at a place in order to discharge a duty, etc
11.  (of qualities, characteristics, etc) existing or inherent (in)
12.  (of birds and other animals) not in the habit of migrating

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

resident res·i·dent (rěz'ĭ-dənt, -děnt')
A physician during residency.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
The department has thirteen clinical faculty members, eight resident
  physicians, and nine medical physicists.
If a resident does not have a job, a caseworker tries to help him get one.
Birds in the southern portion of range are resident.
The fungi project their spores away from the resident dung because cows will
  not eat near feces.
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"I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery; you shall have no other gods before me.
You shall not make for yourself an idol, whether in the form of anything that is in heaven above, or that is on the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I the LORD your God am a jealous God, punishing children for the iniquity of parents, to the third and the fourth generation of those who reject me, but showing steadfast love to the thousandth generation of those who love me and keep my commandments.
You shall not make wrongful use of the name of the LORD your God, for the LORD will not acquit anyone who misuses his name.
Remember the sabbath day, and keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work. But the seventh day is a sabbath to the LORD your God; you shall not do any work -you, your son or your daughter, your male or female slave, your livestock, or the alien resident in your towns. For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but rested the seventh day; therefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day and consecrated it.
Honor your father and your mother, so that your days may be long in the land that the LORD your God is giving you.
You shall not murder.
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You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
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