retribution

[re-truh-byoo-shuhn]
noun
1.
requital according to merits or deserts, especially for evil.
2.
something given or inflicted in such requital.
3.
Theology. the distribution of rewards and punishments in a future life.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English retribucioun < Middle French < Late Latin retribūtiōn- (stem of retribūtiō) punishment, reward as result of judgment, equivalent to Latin retribūt(us) (past participle of retribuere to restore, give back; see re-, tribute) + -iōn- -ion


1, 2. retaliation, repayment, recompense. See revenge.


1, 2. pardon.
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World English Dictionary
retribution (ˌrɛtrɪˈbjuːʃən)
 
n
1.  the act of punishing or taking vengeance for wrongdoing, sin, or injury
2.  punishment or vengeance
 
[C14: via Old French from Church Latin retribūtiō, from Latin retribuere to repay, from re- + tribuere to pay; see tribute]
 
retributive
 
adj
 
re'tributory
 
adj
 
re'tributively
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

retribution
1382, "repayment," from L. retributionem (nom. retributio) "recompense, repayment," from retributus, pp. of retribuere "hand back, repay," from re- "back" + tribuere "to assign, allot" (see tribute). Sense of "evil given for evil done" is from day of retribution (1526) in
Christian theology, the time of divine reward or punishment.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Without a doubt, this action demanded retaliation and retribution.
He asked me not to reveal his village because he fears retribution.
It's called having a conscience with an innate fear of divine retribution for
  doing what is wrong.
Many frivolous claims come from patients seeking retribution for a doctor
  sending delinquent unpaid bills to collections.
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