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rumba

[ruhm-buh, roo m-, room-] /ˈrʌm bə, ˈrʊm-, ˈrum-/
noun, plural rumbas
[ruhm-buh z, roo m-, room-] /ˈrʌm bəz, ˈrʊm-, ˈrum-/ (Show IPA)
1.
a dance, Cuban in origin and complex in rhythm.
2.
an imitation or adaptation of this dance in the U.S.
3.
music for this dance or in its rhythm.
verb (used without object), rumbaed
[ruhm-buh d, roo m-, room-] /ˈrʌm bəd, ˈrʊm-, ˈrum-/ (Show IPA),
rumbaing
[ruhm-buh-ing, roo m-, room-] /ˈrʌm bə ɪŋ, ˈrʊm-, ˈrum-/ (Show IPA)
4.
to dance the rumba.
Also, rhumba.
Origin
1920-1925
1920-25; < American Spanish
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for rumba

rumba

/ˈrʌmbə; ˈrʊm-/
noun
1.
a rhythmic and syncopated Cuban dance in duple time
2.
a ballroom dance derived from this
3.
a piece of music composed for or in the rhythm of this dance
Word Origin
C20: from Spanish: lavish display, of uncertain origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for rumba
n.

1919, from Cuban Spanish rumba, originally "spree, carousal," derived from Spanish rumbo "spree, party," earlier "ostentation, pomp, leadership," perhaps originally "the course of a ship," from rombo "rhombus," in reference to the compass, which is marked with a rhombus. The verb is recorded from 1932. Related: Rumbaed; rumbaing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for rumba

rhumba

ballroom dance of Afro-Cuban folk-dance origin that became internationally popular in the early 20th century. Best known for the dancers' subtle side to side hip movements with the torso erect, the rumba is danced with a basic pattern of two quick side steps and a slow forward step. Three steps are executed to each bar. The music, in 44 time, has an insistent syncopation.

Learn more about rhumba with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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