9 Grammatical Pitfalls


[self-suh-fish-uh nt, self-] /ˈsɛlf səˈfɪʃ ənt, ˌsɛlf-/
able to supply one's own or its own needs without external assistance:
The nation grows enough grain to be self-sufficient.
having extreme confidence in one's own resources, powers, etc.:
He was self-sufficient, and always reminded you of it.
Also, self-sufficing
[self-suh-fahy-sing] /ˌsɛlf səˈfaɪ sɪŋ/ (Show IPA)
Origin of self-sufficient
Related forms
self-sufficiency, noun
self-sufficiently, adverb
unself-sufficiency, noun
unself-sufficient, adjective
unself-sufficiently, adverb Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for self-sufficiency
  • We push self-sufficiency as well as the ability to entertain herself for long periods, the joy of solitude.
  • Because of the climate, agricultural development is limited to maintaining self-sufficiency in basic products.
  • Designed as a test of self-sufficiency, racers must carry their own supplies and food for the duration of the race.
  • Rio's narcissism was once a sign of its self-sufficiency.
  • Any increase in self-sufficiency for individuals is a corresponding decrease in corporate profit margins.
  • The first thing an extraterrestrial colony will do is establish self-sufficiency.
  • Filipinos are also known for a pair of connected traits: resilience and self-sufficiency.
  • self-sufficiency is inefficient and shallow markets are more volatile than deep ones.
  • The country has not achieved its goal of nuclear self-sufficiency by reprocessing spent fuel.
  • The easy life, clever marketing and misleading news reports have facilitated the atrophy of self-sufficiency.
British Dictionary definitions for self-sufficiency


able to provide for or support oneself without the help of others
Derived Forms
self-sufficiency, noun
self-sufficiently, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for self-sufficiency

1620s, originally an attribute of God (translating Greek autakreia), from self- + sufficiency. Of mortals, self-sufficient "able to supply one's own needs" is recorded from 1580s.



"able to supply one's own needs," 1580s, from self- + sufficient. Related: Self-sufficiently.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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