sullen

[suhl-uhn]
adjective
1.
showing irritation or ill humor by a gloomy silence or reserve.
2.
persistently and silently ill-humored; morose.
3.
indicative of gloomy ill humor.
4.
gloomy or dismal, as weather or a sound.
5.
sluggish, as a stream.
6.
Obsolete. malignant, as planets or influences.

Origin:
1565–75; earlier solein, Middle English < ?

sullenly, adverb
sullenness, noun
unsullen, adjective
unsullenly, adverb


1. See cross. 1, 2. See glum. 2. sulky, moody, sour, bad-tempered. 4. cheerless, clouded, overcast, somber, mournful, dark. 5. slow, stagnant.


1, 2. cheerful.
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World English Dictionary
sullen (ˈsʌlən)
 
adj
1.  unwilling to talk or be sociable; sulky; morose
2.  sombre; gloomy: a sullen day
3.  literary sluggish; slow: a sullen stream
4.  obsolete threatening
 
n
5.  archaic (plural) a sullen mood
 
[C16: perhaps from Anglo-French solain (unattested), ultimately related to Latin sōlus alone]
 
'sullenly
 
adv
 
'sullenness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

sullen
1570s, alteration of M.E. soleyn "unique, singular," from Anglo-Fr. *solein, formed on the pattern of O.Fr. soltain, from O.Fr. soul "single" (see sole (2)). The sense shift in M.E. from "solitary" to "morose" occurred between about 1380 and 1400.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Synonyms
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