|1.||to cause to feel amazement or wonder|
|2.||to encounter or discover unexpectedly or suddenly|
|3.||to capture or assault suddenly and without warning|
|4.||to present with something unexpected, such as a gift|
|7.||the act or an instance of surprising; the act of taking unawares|
|8.||a sudden or unexpected event, gift, etc|
|9.||the feeling or condition of being surprised; astonishment|
|10.||(modifier) causing, characterized by, or relying upon surprise: a surprise move|
|11.||take by surprise|
|a. to come upon suddenly and without warning|
|b. to capture unexpectedly or catch unprepared|
|c. to astonish; amaze|
|[C15: from Old French, from surprendre to overtake, from |
"A Surprize is ... a dish ... which promising little from its first appearance, when open abounds with all sorts of variety." [W. King, "Cookery," 1708]The verb is from late 15c. Surprise party originally was a military detachment (1841); festive sense is attested from 1858. Related: Surprising; surprisingly.
see take by surprise.