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Swede

[sweed] /swid/
noun
1.
a native or inhabitant of Sweden.
2.
(lowercase) Chiefly British. a rutabaga.
Origin
1580-1590
1580-90; < Middle Dutch or Middle Low German; cognate with German Schwede; compare Old English Swēon (plural), Old Norse Svēar, Svīar, Medieval Latin Suiōnes
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Swede

swede

/swiːd/
noun
1.
a Eurasian plant, Brassica napus (or B. napobrassica), cultivated for its bulbous edible root, which is used as a vegetable and as cattle fodder: family Brassicaceae (crucifers)
2.
the root of this plant
3.
(NZ) a slang word for head (sense 1)
Also called (for senses 1, 2) Swedish turnip, (US and Canadian) rutabaga
Word Origin
C19: so called after being introduced into Scotland from Sweden in the 18th century

Swede

/swiːd/
noun
1.
a native, citizen, or inhabitant of Sweden
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Swede
n.

1610s, from Low German, from Middle Low German Swede, back-formed from a source akin to Old English Sweoðeod, literally "Swede-people," from Sweon (plural) "Swedes" (Old Norse, Old Swedish Sviar), called by the Romans Suiones, probably from Proto-Germanic *sweba "free, independent," or else from *geswion "kinsman."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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9
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